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.SEs General Conditions - by clicking this link http://www.iis.se/docs/Registreringsvillkor_eng.pdf, you will be directed to .SEs General Conditions for the registration of .se domain names.
Information on the Management of Personal Data Safenames Ltd. handle personal data in accordance with the Swedish Law on Personal Data (1998:204) and in accordance with Appendix B of .SE´s current Registrar Agreement.
Opening times Safenames Ltd. is open for customer enquiries Monday to Friday 9 am to 7 pm. You can either e-mail your query to [email protected] or call us on +44 (0)1908 200022, and we will swiftly respond to you.
MK14 6LS, UK
Tel: +44 (0)1908 200022
Fax: +44 (0)1908 325192
e-mail [email protected]
Organisation identifier: 3802179
VAT number (if applicable): GB 737 4197 10
Top level .SE is available.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF REGISTRATION
Applicable for the top-level domain .se from June 3, 2013
(The Swedish version of these terms and conditions shall prevail)
1.1 Stiftelsen för Internetinfrastruktur / The Internet Infrastructure Foundation (802405-
0190), Box 7399, 103 91 Stockholm is an independent public interest foundation that is
responsible for the administration of the Domain Name Registry under the top-level
domain .se which is regulated in the provisions of the Swedish Top-level Domains Act
1.2 The Foundation has accredited Registrars who thereby are entitled to provide
Registration Services for Domain Names and, upon request from the Domain Holder,
register and administer Domain Names. A list of accredited Registrars is available at
1.3 These Terms and Conditions of Registration apply for all Domain Names registered
under the top-level domain .se, and shall apply between the Registrar, the Domain
Holder and the Foundation. These Terms and Conditions of Registration take
precedence over each Registrar?s own terms and conditions in relation to the Domain
In these Terms and Conditions of Registration, the following terms and expressions shall
have the following meanings, unless stated otherwise:
2.1 „ASCII? refers to the American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
2.2 „Authorisation code? refers to the password, where applicable, is created for the
registered Domain Name.
2.3 „Deactivation? means that the Domain Name is not published in the .se-zone. However,
the actual registration of the Domain Name itself is not affected.
2.4 „Domain Name? refers to the prefix (name) that is to the left of the top-level domain or
the main domain, separated from it with a dot (e.g. name.se). 2
2.5 „Domain Holder? is the person or legal entity that is applying for registration of a Domain
Name, or who owns a Domain Name, and in relation to whom these Terms and
Conditions of Registration shall be applied.
2.6 ?DS records? refers to delegation posts for DNSSEC.
2.7 „IDN? refers to the Internationalized Domain Name. More information is available at
2.8 „Registrar? is any Registrar accredited by the Foundation who provides Registration
Services under the top-level domain .se.
2.9 „Registration Services? refers to the following services that are offered to a Domain
Holder: new registration, deregistration, renewal, assignment, updating of contact
information, administration of name servers, change of Registrar, and administration of
2.10 ?The Foundation? refers to the Internet Infrastructure Foundation / Stiftelsen för
2.11 „Top-level Domains Act? refers to the Swedish Top-level Domains Act (2006:24).
2.12 „Transfer? refers to when the Foundation transfers the registration of the Domain Name
to a new Domain Holder following an alternative dispute resolution proceeding
according to paragraph 6.3 or due to a judgment according to paragraph 6.4.
3 REGISTRATION OF DOMAIN NAMES
3.1 Conditions for application
3.1.1 Any natural person or legal entity with a personal identification number or corporate
identity number, or that can be identified via a registration designation in a register
maintained by a governmental authority, or by an organization exercising state
authority, may apply for registration of a Domain Name under the top-level domain
3.1.2 For new registration of Domain Names, a „first come, first served? principle applies, i.e.
Domain Names are allocated in the order in which the applications are entered in the
Foundation?s register. 3
3.2 Formulation of the Domain Name
3.2.1 A Domain Name under the top-level domain .se may only comprise ASCII characters,
i.e. the letters a–z, the numbers 0–9 and hyphens. The Domain Name must start and
finish with a letter or a number, and may not consist entirely of hyphens.
3.2.2 Number combinations in the format xxxxxx-xxxx that comprise, or may comprise, a
personal identity number cannot be registered.
3.2.3 For technical reasons, it is not possible to register Domain Names that start with two
alphanumeric characters followed by two hyphens.
3.2.4 An IDN domain name must be re-encoded to ASCII characters before it can be
registered under the top-level domain .se.
3.2.5 A Domain Name shall include at least two characters, and may contain a maximum of
3.2.6 A Domain Name cannot be registered as a new name if it is identical to a previously
registered Domain Name under the top-level domain .se.
3.2.7 Sub-domains of already registered Domain Names are administered by the Domain
Holder of the Domain Name in question.
3.2.8 Certain Domain Names are blocked by the Foundation and cannot be registered. These
Domain Names are available on www.iis.se.
3.2.9 Certain Domain names are reserved for authorised Domain Holders and can be
registered after special assessment. These Domain Names are available on www.iis.se.
4 THE DOMAIN HOLDER’S OBLIGATIONS
4.1 Responsibility for information
4.1.1 Concerning new registration, in the application for a Domain Name, the Domain
Holder is responsible for providing the following information:
(i) full Company name and contact person or, if a private individual, their first and
(ii) corporate identity number or personal identification number, 4
(iii) VAT registration number (only for foreign legal entities within the EU who are
registered to pay VAT),
(iv) postal address,
(v) phone number, and
(vi) e-mail address.
The information must be complete and correct.
4.1.2 The Domain Holder is obliged to continually and without delay inform the Registrar of
any changes in the information given in the application, including change of e-mail
address. The Registrar will then correct the information in the Foundation?s register of
4.2 Verification of the Domain Name selected
The Domain Holder is obliged at all times to ensure that the Domain Name selected
does not constitute an infringement of the rights of another party, nor in any other way
constitute a violation of applicable statutes or public order, and is not intended to cause
5 DOMAIN HOLDER’S RIGHTS TO REGISTRATION SERVICES
5.1 Registration Services
The Registration Services are performed by the Registrar with whom the Domain Holder
has entered into an agreement. If the Domain Holder´s agreement with the Registrar
has ceased in accordance with paragraph 5.3, or if the Registrar?s agreement with the
Foundation has ceased, the Domain Holder shall select a new Registrar in accordance
with paragraph 8 below.
The Registrar shall, upon request from the Domain Holder, provide the following
Registration Services in accordance with the Registrar?s applicable pricelist and other
terms and conditions.
5.1.1 New registration of Domain Name
126.96.36.199 The Registrar has undertaken to, upon request from the Domain Holder, enter new
registrations of Domain Names under the top-level domain .se. 5
188.8.131.52 With a new registration, the Domain Holder shall promptly receive, no later than ten
working days from when the Registrar sent the application to the Foundation,
notification from the Registrar about whether the new registration has been made or
whether there are impediments according to these Terms and Conditions of
184.108.40.206 During the registration period, the Domain Holder holds the exclusive right to use the
registered Domain Name under the top-level domain .se.
5.1.2 Renewal of Domain Name
The Registrar has undertaken to, upon request from the Domain Holder, renew the
registration period for the Domain Holder?s Domain Name, with the exception of
5.1.3 Updating of contact information
The Registrar has undertaken to, upon request from the Domain Holder, ensure that the
contact information for the Domain Holder is updated.
5.1.4 Administration of name servers
The Registrar has undertaken to, upon request from the Domain Holder, add, remove or
change information about name servers. The Foundation reserves the right to change or
remove the name servers provided for a Domain Name if the Foundation is of the view
that the stated name servers cause, or may cause, serious operational disturbances.
5.1.5 Deregistration of Domain Name
The Registrar has undertaken to, upon request from the Domain Holder, deregister the
Domain Holder?s Domain Name.
5.1.6 Assignment of Domain Name
220.127.116.11 The Registrar has undertaken to, upon request from the existing Domain Holder, and on
condition that the recipient Domain Holder has approved the Terms and Conditions of
Registration and provided the information specified in paragraph 4.1.1, implement
assignment of the Domain Name.
18.104.22.168 The Registrar shall promptly, and no later than five working days from when the
conditions in paragraph 22.214.171.124 have been fulfilled, assign the Domain Name to a new
Domain Holder. 6
126.96.36.199 When a Domain Name is assigned, the new Domain Holder will replace the previous
registered Domain Holder when the application for the assignment has been granted.
5.1.7 Change of Registrar
188.8.131.52 The Registrar has undertaken, upon request from the Domain Holder, assist with the
transfer of the administration of the Domain Holder?s Domain Name from one Registrar
to another in accordance with this paragraph 5.1.7.
184.108.40.206 The surrendering Registrar shall, upon request from the Domain Holder, produce a
unique Authorisation Code for the Domain Name that the Registrar administers on
behalf of the Domain Holder.
220.127.116.11 The Domain Holder contacts the surrendering Registrar and requests the Authorisation
Code for the relevant Domain Name that is affected by the change of Registrar. The
surrendering Registrar shall promptly, but no later than five working days after the
request, provide the Domain Holder with the Authorisation Code. If the surrendering
Registrar does not provide the Authorisation Code within five working days, the
Foundation is entitled to provide and pass on the Authorisation Code to the Domain
18.104.22.168 The surrendering Registrar is responsible for ensuring that the Authorisation Code is
transferred to the Domain Holder in a secure manner, and the Registrar is always
obliged to provide the Authorisation Code upon request from the Domain Holder.
22.214.171.124 The Domain Holder contacts the recipient Registrar and transfers the Authorisation
Code according to the Registrar?s procedures for this.
126.96.36.199 The recipient Registrar confirms the change of Registrar to the Domain Holder.
188.8.131.52 A fee for the Registration Service change of Registrar may not be charged by the
184.108.40.206 The Domain Holder is aware that, when the Registrar is changed, the Domain Holder
may have to pay a new fee for the Domain Name to the new Registrar.
5.1.8 DS records
220.127.116.11 The Registrar undertakes to, upon request from the Domain Holder, add, remove or
change DS records, regardless of the name server provider. 7
18.104.22.168 If the Registrar is the name server provider for the Domain Holder?s Domain Name, the
Registrar is entitled to, without the request of the Domain Holder, add, remove or
change DS records for these Domain Names.
22.214.171.124 The Foundation retains the right to change, remove or refrain from publishing DS
records provided if the Foundation is of the view that these cause, or may cause, serious
5.2 Performance of the Registration Services
The Registrar shall, upon explicit request from the Domain Holder, perform the
Registration Services, but only if the Domain Holder has approved the Terms and
Conditions for Registration and the Domain Holder has provided the required
information. However, the Registrar is entitled to refuse to perform the requested
Registration Service if the Domain Holder has not paid the fee for the Registration
5.3 Registrar´s termination of the agreement with the Domain Holder
If the Registrar has reserved this right in the agreement with the Domain Holder, the
Registrar may, with at least three months notice, terminate the agreement with the
Domain Holder by the date on which the registration period expires. The termination
must be made in writing and clearly specify (i) that the agreement with the Domain
Holder is being terminated after the end of the registration period, (ii) that the Domain
Holder must select a new Registrar, (iii) how the Domain Holder transfers Registrars,
(iv) that the Foundation, pursuant to paragraph 8, will serve as the temporary registrar
and (v) and that .SE Direkt may become their standard Registrar unless the Domain
Holder selects a new Registrar on their own.
5.4 Hindrance to performing Registration Service deregistration and
assignment of Domain Name
5.4.1 If an alternative dispute resolution procedure involving a Domain Name has been
initiated in accordance with paragraph 7, the Domain Name may not be deregistered or
assignment of Domain Name until the application for the dispute has been
(i) written of, dismissed or refused, or
(ii) has been approved and the decision may be executed according to paragraph 7.3. 8
5.4.2 If a petition for greater rights to a Domain Name has been filed and the Foundation has
been informed in writing about the process, the Domain Name must not be
deregistered or assigned until the matter has been resolved and the decision has gained
6 THE FOUNDATION´S RIGHT TO DEACTIVATE, DEREGISTER OR
TRANSFER DOMAIN NAMES
6.1 Deregistration due to undertakings not being fulfilled
6.1.1 The Foundation has the right to Deactivate or deregister a Domain Name if the Domain
Holder does not fulfill its undertakings in accordance with paragraph 4.1.1 or 4.1.2.
6.1.2 In the event of any deficiency according to paragraph 4.1.1 or 4.1.2, the Foundation
shall send a notification to the Domain Holder with a request that the deficiency be
rectified. The notification to the Domain Holder shall contain information about the
deficiency that is to be remedied. If the deficiency has not been rectified within ten
working days from the date when the notification was sent, the Foundation has the
right to Deactivate the Domain Name.
6.1.3 If a Domain Name is Deactivated, the Domain Holder can reactivate the Domain Name
by rectifying the deficiency of which it was notified within 60 days from the date of
Deactivation. If the Domain Holder does not rectify the deficiency of which it was
notified, the Foundation has the right to deregister the Domain Name.
6.1.4 If the Domain Name, or the use thereof, clearly violates Swedish legislation or statutes,
the Foundation has the right to immediately Deactivate or deregister it.
6.1.5 The Foundation has the right to Deactivate and deregister a Domain Name if the
Domain Holder is a legal entity and this has been dissolved after completed bankruptcy
or liquidation, or if the Domain Holder is a natural person and he/she has deceased
and the estate has been dissolved by distribution of an estate.
6.2 Deregistration on the grounds that the Domain Name has not been renewed
If the Domain Name is not renewed, the Foundation will deregister the Domain Name
after 60 days of Deactivation.
6.3 Deregistration or Transfer after alternative dispute resolution proceedings
The Foundation is entitled to deregister or Transfer a Domain Name after a decision in
alternative dispute resolution proceedings according to stipulations in paragraph 7. 9
6.4 Deregistration or transfer due to a legally binding judgment
A Domain Name shall be deregistered or transferred upon request from an individual
who presents a legally binding judgment, showing that the individual who request the
Domain Name to be deregistered or transferred has the right to the Domain Name. In
such cases, the Foundation performs deregistration or transfer immediately.
7 ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION PROCEEDINGS
In the Foundation´s alternative dispute resolution proceeding (ADR), disputes involving
the allocation of Domain Names are settled.
7.1 The proceeding
At all times, applicable stipulations pertaining to procedures in the ADR proceeding for
Domain Names under the top-level domain .se (Proceedings regulations) can be found at
7.2 Conditions for deregistration or Transfer
A Domain Name may be deregistered or Transferred to the party requesting dispute
resolution proceedings if the following three conditions are fulfilled:
1. The Domain Name is identical or similar to
a. a distinguishing product feature,
b. a distinguishing business feature,
c. a family name,
d. an artist?s name (if the name is not associated with someone who deceased a long
e. a title of another party?s copyrighted literary or artistic work,
f. a name that is protected by the Regulation concerning Certain Official
g. a geographic designation or a designation of origin that is protected by the
European Council?s Regulation (EU) 510/2006,
h. a geographic designation that is protected by the European Council?s Regulation
i. a geographic designation that is protected by the European Council?s Regulation
(EU) 1234/2007, or 10
j. The name of a government authority that is listed in the registry that Statistics
Sweden must maintain under the Swedish Code of Statutes SFS 2007:755
(Government Agencies Register Ordinance), or its generally accepted abbreviation,
which is legally binding in Sweden and to which the party requesting dispute
resolution can prove its rights, and
2. The Domain Name has been registered or used in bad faith, and
3. The Domain Holder has no rights or justified interest in the Domain Name.
At all times, applicable instructions pertaining to the three conditions are available at the
end of these Registration Terms and Conditions under the heading “Instructions
pertaining to ADR (paragraph 7).”
7.3 Implementation of ADR rulings
7.3.1 A decision whereby an application for alternative dispute resolution proceedings has
been approved must be implemented by the Foundation after 14 days from the
Foundation receiving the ruling, unless the Domain Holder indicates that he or she,
within this period, has initiated action claiming greater rights to the Domain Name.
7.3.2 If the Domain Holder?s petition claiming greater rights is rejected or written off, the
dispute resolution decision must be implemented as soon as the decision has gained
legal effect. If the Domain Holder?s petition claiming greater rights is approved, the
dispute resolution decision must not be implemented.
8 PROCEDURES WHEN AN AGREEMENT CEASES
If the Registrar?s agreement with the Foundation ceases, or the Domain Holder´s
agreement with the Registrar ceases, the following applies for the Domain Holder.
(i) The Domain Holder accepts that the Foundation becomes the temporary registrar
for a period of up to four months (the „Protective Period?) from the date when the
(ii) The Domain Holder shall select a new Registrar during the Protective Period.
(iii) If the Domain Holder fails to select a new Registrar during the Protective Period,
the Foundation?s registrar, .SE Direkt, automatically becomes the standard
Registrar. As standard Registrar, .SE Direkt may charge fees according to the 11
applicable price list, and .SE Direkt?s other terms and conditions will be applicable
between the parties (see www.sedirekt.se).
9 MANAGEMENT OF PERSONAL INFORMATION
9.1 The Foundation manages personal information in accordance with the Swedish Personal
Data Act (1998:204) and the Top-level Domains Act. The Top-level Domains Act states
that the Foundation has both a right and an obligation to manage certain personal
information. Management of personal information may also be performed by a party
authorized by the Foundation should such management be necessary to fulfill the
Foundations obligations according to these Terms and Conditions of Registration and
the Top-level Domains Act.
9.2 The purpose of the management of personal information is to enable the Foundation to
provide and operate the Domain Name registry under the top level domain .se and to
fulfill those obligations the Foundation has according to these Terms and Conditions of
Registration and the Top-level Domains Act. The information may be coordinated with
other registers for the above purposes and in order to maintain a high level of customer
care and registry management.
9.3 The Domain Name registry operated by the Foundation is made available on the
Internet through a domain name search service (WHOIS). For Domain Holders as
natural persons or sole traders, no personal information is made available in such
manner unless requested by the Domain Holder.
9.4 The Domain Holder may only provide personal information about a party other than the
Domain Holder (e.g. for legal entities? contact persons), for management by the
Foundation, if the Domain Holder can guarantee that approval has been obtained from
the concerned party concerning such management.
9.5 A person whose information is registered with the Foundation is, in accordance with the
Personal Data Act, entitled to receive, once per calendar year at no cost, details of the
personal information managed by the Foundation concerning that person. A written
request must be submitted to the Foundation, signed by the person making the request.
9.6 A person whose information is registered with the Foundation is, in accordance with the
Personal Data Act, entitled to request the Foundation to correct personal information
which is incorrect or otherwise not managed in accordance with the Personal Data Act. 12
10.1 The Registrar’s right to assign the agreement
The Registrar is entitled to, without the approval of the Domain Holder, assign its rights
and obligations according to these Terms and Conditions of Registration to another
10.2 Validity and amendments to the Terms and Conditions of Registration
10.2.1 These Terms and Conditions of Registration apply until further notice, and the
Foundation retains the right to amend the current terms and conditions as stated below.
10.2.2 An amendment to the Terms and Conditions of Registration comes into effect 30 days
after the amendment has been published on the Foundation?s website, www.iis.se, but
also applies from said date for a Domain Holder registered after the amendment has
10.2.3 The Registrar will notify Domain Holders of amendments to the Terms and Conditions
of Registration via e-mail when the amendment is published. If the Domain Holder has
not provided a functioning e-mail address, the Domain Holder is solely responsible for
keeping informed about any amendments to the terms and conditions.
11.1 Assuming there is no intentional or gross negligence, the Foundation´s liability for
damages in relation to the Domain Holder shall be limited to direct losses, with a total
amount not exceeding one (1) base amount in accordance with the Swedish Social
Insurance Code (2010:110).
11.2 Under no circumstances is the Foundation liable to compensate for loss of profit,
reduced sales, other loss of production, liability towards third party or other indirect
11.3 A Domain Holder may only submit a claim according to the above if the Domain Holder
has notified the Foundation of this no later than 90 days after the Domain Holder
became aware of, or should have become aware of, the basis for the claim. 13
Communication relating to these Terms and Conditions of Registration shall be
submitted in writing to the postal address and/or e-mail address most recently supplied
by the party. Communication that is sent by mail shall be considered to have reached the
recipient inside Sweden within three working days of being sent. For recipients outside
Sweden, ten calendar days apply from when it was sent. Communications sent
electronically, such as e-mails or faxes, shall be considered to have reached the recipient
13 APPLICABLE LAW, DISPUTES
Swedish law shall be applied to these Terms and Conditions of Registration. In the event
of a dispute arising as a result of these Terms and Conditions of Registration, a action
shall be brought before a general court of law.
INSTRUCTIONS PERTAINING TO ADR (PARAGRAPH 7)
Instructions concerning the condition of rights with a legal base in Sweden (condition 1)
The right on which the petitioner bases the application must exist at the time of application for
dispute resolution, but need not exist at the time of registration of the Domain Name. However, if
the Domain Name is older than the petitioner?s right, this may be regarded as significant during an
assessment of the other two conditions.
When comparing the Domain Name and the right on which the petitioner bases the application, the
linguistic similarity between the Domain Name and the petitioner?s right will primarily be taken into
account. However, the operation for which the Domain Name will be used will not be taken into
account during this assessment. Nevertheless, the operation for which the Domain Name is to be
used may be regarded as significant during an assessment of the other two conditions.
Instructions concerning the bad faith condition (condition 2)
When determining whether the Domain Name has been registered or used in bad faith, all relevant
circumstances are assessed. It is sufficient that bad faith can be proven to exist either in connection
with registration or with the use of the Domain Name for the condition to be fulfilled.
Examples of circumstances supporting claims that the Domain Name has been registered or used in
bad faith are:
- The Domain Holder is utilizing or plans to utilize the good reputation, market position or
characteristic feature of the petitioner to attract traffic to the own website or to increase
revenue in this manner;
- The Domain Holder?s registration of the Domain Name prevents or makes it difficult for the
petitioner to register the brand (or other right on which the petitioner bases the application)
as Domain Name;
- The Domain Name is being used or planned to be used to disrupt the petitioner?s operations;
- The Domain Name has been registered with a view to a sale to the petitioner.
The list of circumstances that may support claims that the Domain Name has been registered or
used in bad faith comprises only examples. In the same manner as the existence of the
circumstances listed may support bad faith, the lack of these circumstances could imply that bad
faith does not exist. 15
When determining whether the Domain Name has been registered or used in bad faith, all relevant
circumstances are assessed. The circumstances that may speak for or against bad faith could also be
relevant when assessing whether the Domain Holder has a right or justified interest in the Domain
Instructions concerning the right or justified interest condition (condition 3)
When determining whether the Domain Holder has no right or justified interest in the Domain
Name, all relevant circumstances are assessed.
Examples of circumstances that may support that the Domain Holder has a right or justified interest
in the Domain Name are:
- The Domain Holder owns a registered brand (or other right) that is identical or similar to the
- The Domain Name is being used or has been registered to be used in its linguistic meaning;
- The Domain Name is being used or has been registered to be used in commercial or private
operations that do not infringe on the petitioner?s rights;
- The Domain Name is older than the brand (or other right) on which the petitioner bases the
The list of circumstances that may support the Domain Holder?s right or justified interest in the
Domain Name comprises only examples. In the same manner as the existence of the circumstances
listed may support the Domain Holder?s right or justified interest in the Domain Name, the lack of
these circumstances may imply that the Domain Holder does not have any right or justified interest
When determining whether the Domain Holder has a right or justified interest in the Domain Name,
all relevant circumstances are assessed. The circumstances that may speak for or against the
Domain Holder?s right or justified interest in the Domain Name may also be relevant when assessing
whether the Domain Holder has registered or used the Domain Name in bad faith.
Dispute resolution (ADR)
ADR – to be able to easily appeal
Alternative Dispute Resolution proceedings (ADR) are in place so that you will easily be able to appeal the allocation of a domain name retroactively without needing to go to court. Speed, effectiveness and legal security are .SE’s guidewords for dispute resolution.
As early as 2003, new, more simple rules for dispute resolution were created. At the same time, the rules for domain name allocation were changed to the principle of “first-come, first-serve”, i.e. the first party to apply for an available domain gets it without preliminary examination.
The National Top Level Domains for Sweden on the Internet Act has been in force since July 2006, which requires there to be a functioning dispute resolution system. The current regulations fulfill the legal requirements well.
Three absolute requirements
In order for a party petitioning for dispute resolution to achieve success, that party must show that three conditions, absolute requirements, are met.
The applicant must have a right (e.g. a brand or company name) valid in Sweden.
The registrant of the domain name shall have acted in bad faith when he/she registered or used the domain name.
The registrant shall also have no right or justified interest in the domain name.
An example of bad faith is if someone has registered a domain name in the knowledge that the designation comprising the domain name belongs to someone else, with the intent of selling it. Bad faith can also include the registration of domain names with the intent of disrupting a competitor’s business. Registering the brand or family name of another party is an example of not having a right or justified interest in the domain name.
The 13 arbitrators within ADR make their decisions entirely independently in light of the regulations that apply and the practice that has been developed. All arbitrators are experienced lawyers and knowledgeable in intellectual property rights. They include professors, barristers or IT lawyers and have no connection to .SE (other than the organization working as a secretariat).
The aim of the dispute resolution is to solve a certain type of conflict in which the applicant in an ADR matter either requests that one or more domain names be transferred to it or deregistered. Only relatively uncomplicated disputes can be decided through ADR.
Contacts for ADR