.fr Regulations

Requirements & Information

CountryFrance
CodeFR
CurrencyUSD
Available TLDsRequirements
frLC

Additional Information

Any individual residing and any legal entity having its headquarters or principal place of
business as specified below may apply to register or renew a domain name in each of the
top-level domains:
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Cyprus, southern Greek area(under the control of the Republic of Cyprus)
Czech Republic
Germany
Denmark
Estonia
Spain, Canary Islands,Ceuta,Melilla
Finland
Aland Islands
France
Guadeloupe
French Guiana
Martinique
Reunion Island
French Southern and Antarctic Territories
Mayotte
French Polynesia
New Caledonia and Dependencies
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Wallis and Futuna
United Kingdom
Gibraltar
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Latvia
Malta
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal,The Azores,Madeira
Romania
Sweden
Slovenia
Slovakia
Switzerland
The domain name holder and the administrative contact must be reachable.
As such, both the holder and the administrative contact must provide details of a valid
telephone number and e-mail address, including accurate information to establish their
identities. While the domain name is active, they must ensure that such information is kept
up-to-date at all times through their Registrar.


NAMING POLICY 4
Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération | www.afnic.fr | [email protected]
Version 6 December 2011
Foreword
1. It is hereby stated that this Policy has been adopted pursuant to:
- Articles L.45 et seq. and R.20-44-34 to 20-44-44 of the French Electronic
Communications and Telecommunications Act;
- The government decree appointing AFNIC dated 19 February 2010;
- the Rules and Regulations of the Dispute Resolution System (SYRELI) as approved
by Order of the Minister for Electronic Communications dated 21 October 2011;
- the agreement between the French government and AFNIC;
- the registration contracts signed by and between AFNIC and accredited registrars.
2. Domain names are allocated and managed in the public interest in accordance with nondiscriminatory
and transparent rules, ensuring respect for the freedom of communication, the
freedom of enterprise and intellectual property rights.
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Chapter 1 - General
Article 1.1. - Purpose
3. This naming policy defines the conditions for allocating and managing domain names,
centralized by AFNIC in its capacity as Registry, namely :
.fr Metropolitan France and Corsica.
.re Reunion Island
.yt Mayotte
.pm Saint Pierre and Miquelon
.wf Wallis and Futuna Islands
.tf French Southern and Antarctic
Territories
4. Unless otherwise stipulated, this naming policy applies to any new extension centralized
by AFNIC.
5. This naming policy does not apply to Top Level Domain names other than those provided
in this article, in particular:
? Country-code Top Level Domain names (ccTLD);
? generic Top Level Domain names (gTLD);
? domain names for which AFNIC will assume the role of service provider (back end
registry).
Article 1.2 - Components
6.The AFNIC Naming Policy comprises:
? This document;
? Procedures Manual(s) and / or integration manual(s);
? the Litigation Management Policy for French Internet domains;
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? the Syreli rules and regulations;
? the Information Publication and Access Policy for registrations under the .fr
TLD;
? the accreditation policy;
? and generally all the documents and procedures adopted by AFNIC.
Article 1.3 - Enforceability
7. Any person requesting an intervention by AFNIC in its capacity as the Registry is deemed
to have read the terms of the AFNIC naming policy.
8.The Naming Policy is published on AFNIC’s website; it can be accessed at www.afnic.fr.
9.AFNIC's Naming Policy is constantly changing to reflect improvements, work and
agreements between its members and partners.
10.The enforceable version of the AFNIC Naming Policy is that available on the AFNIC
website on the date of receipt by its services of the registration request.
11. Should the policy be modified, the new version shall be immediately applicable:
? to each new domain name;
? to existing domain names should:
o a request for administrative action be made;
o they be renewed.
12.Unless otherwise stipulated by law, by decision from the Minister in charge of Electronic
Communications or by a decision of the Board of Directors, new rules shall be applicable
forthwith and not retroactively.
13.New provisions will first be notified on the AFNIC website and then sent directly to the
Registrars, so that they can inform their registrants of the said amendments.
14.Transaction requests sent to AFNIC in any form whatsoever, including the payment of any
fees arising from the performance of such transactions, shall be considered to be a simple
reiteration of the applicant's acceptance of this Naming Policy.
Chapter 2 - Domain Name rules
Article 2.1 – Domain categories
15.Any decisions to create or delete domain categories are taken by AFNIC's governing
bodies in coordination with the consultative Committees.
16.If domain names are still active within a given domain category, that category may only be
deleted after giving the affected domain name holders six (6) months' notice to change their
domain names.
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Article 2.2 - Syntactic constraints
17.Domain names may comprise terms consisting of the 26 letters of the French alphabet
from A to Z, the numbers 0 through 9, and the hyphen "-".
18.Domain names cannot be registered which:
? consist of a single character;
? consist of only two letters;
? consist of precomposed characters;
? begin or end with a hyphen "-";
? are longer than 255 characters (63 between each "."); ») ;
? and whose 3rd and 4th characters are hyphens "xx--".
Article 2.3 - "First Come - First Served" principle
19.Except where provisions to the contrary are made for certain domain names, and subject
to the provisions of Article L45-2 of the French Electronic Communications and
Telecommunications Act, transaction requests sent to AFNIC by Registrars are handled on a
"first come, first served" basis, meaning that they are processed by chronological order of
receipt.
Article 2.4 - Domain Names subject to prior review
20.AFNIC develops and maintains a list of domain names whose registration is subject to
prior review.
21.The list is available on the AFNIC website.
22.This list changes over time and applicants should familiarize themselves with it, it being
understood that the list published online is not exhaustive, given that the simple fact of
publishing some of these terms may offend certain members of the public.
23.For this type of domain name, the Registrar sends AFNIC the necessary supporting
documents beforehand to ensure that the applicant is entitled to register the domain name in
question and that it is compliant with the provisions of the French Electronic Communications
and Telecommunications Act.
24. In order to register a term subject to prior review, the applicant must ensure that the
domain name:
? is not liable to disrupt public order or morality, or the rights guaranteed by the French
Constitution or French law;
? is not liable to infringe intellectual property rights or personal rights or is not identical
or related to that of the French Republic, of a local authority or group of local
authorities, of an institution or a local or national public service, unless the applicant
provides proof of a legitimate interest and is acting in good faith.
25. Pursuant to article R 20-44-43, the existence of a legitimate interest may be
characterized by:
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? the use of the domain name or an identical or related name, as part of an offer of
goods or services, or proof that the applicant has taken preparations to do so;
? the applicant is known by an identical name or one related to this domain name, even
in the absence of any recognised rights to that name;
? the applicant's non-commercial use of the domain name or related name with no
intention to mislead consumers or harm the reputation of a name to which a right has
been recognized or established.
26. Pursuant to article R 20-44-43, bad faith may be characterized by:
? the applicant having obtained or applied for the registration of the name primarily in
order to sell, lease or transfer it in some manner to a public body, a local authority or
the holder of an identical or related name to which a right has been recognized, and
not to effectively operate it;
? the applicant having obtained or applied for the registration of a domain name
primarily in order to harm the reputation of the holder of a legitimate interest or a
recognised right to that name or a related name, or that of a product or service
likened to that name in the minds of consumers;
? the applicant having obtained or applied for the registration of a domain name
primarily in order to profit from the reputation of the holder of a legitimate interest or a
recognised right to that name or a related name, or that of a product or service
likened to that name, by creating confusion in the minds of consumers;
27. When considering the application, AFNIC reserves the right to request any supporting
evidence or documents it considers necessary.
28.If the checks are successful, AFNIC sends an authorisation code to the Registrar,
enabling it to register the said domain name in accordance with the Procedures Manual.
29. . If the application does not meet the review criteria, AFNIC:
? sends the registrar a rejection email;
? shall consider the following application concerning the same domain name.
30. In the event of any dispute, the "Legal Procedure" article shall be applied.
31.The voluntary transfer of a domain name subject to prior review can only occur after the
new registrant has obtained authorisation from AFNIC to do so under the same conditions.
32.Deleting a domain name subject to prior review overrides its reinstatement in the original
list.
33. Similarly, the domain names governed by the naming convention below are subject to
prior review under the same conditions:
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Domain name Recommended use Supporting
documents
agglo-name.extension
"name" is the name of the
metropolitan area
authority
Metropolitan area
authority
Identify in the SIRENE
enterprise directory
cc-name.extension
"name" is the officially
declared name of the
community of municipal
authorities
Community of
municipal authorities
Identify in the SIRENE
enterprise directory
cg-xx.extension
"xx" is the number or
directory name of the
officially declared
department
General councils Identify in the SIRENE
enterprise directory
cr-nom.extension
"name" is the officially
declared name of the
regional council
Regional councils Identify in the SIRENE
enterprise directory
mairie-name.extension
and townname.
extension
"name" is the officially
declared name of the
municipality
Cities Identify in the SIRENE
enterprise directory
Article 2.5 - The ".gouv.fr" extension
34.The ".gouv.fr" extension is reserved for the French government.
35.The following supporting documents are required to receive the necessary authorisation
code:
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? An identifier number in the SIRENE enterprise directory or any other official document
that can be used to identify the entity; and,
? ratification from the Directorate General for State Modernisation (DGME, la Direction
Générale de la Modernisation de l'État).
Article 2.6 - Domain names reserved for the Registry
36. In order to carry out its assignment, the following words are reserved for AFNIC and
therefore cannot be registered:
fr nic www
web w3 whois
office-d-enregistrement officedenregistrement office-enregistrement
officeenregistrement officenregistrement asso
tm gouv com
37. This list may be modified depending on legal or regulatory changes or those involving
naming techniques.
Article 2.7 - Entitlement to the domain name
38.Holders own the domain name throughout its validity period in accordance with the terms
and conditions of the Naming Policy. The performance of their duties does not grant AFNIC
or the registrar any intellectual property rights to the domain names they manage.
39. This article does not mean that in the event of a failure to comply with the terms of the
naming policy, the holder of the domain name cannot be deprived of the domain name in
accordance with the legal and constitutional provisions and in accordance with the terms and
conditions of this naming policy.
Article 2.8 - Domain Name validity period
40.A domain name is valid for a period of 12 (twelve) months beginning from the last
transaction invoiced to the Registrar by AFNIC.
41. The renewal of the domain name is implied unless a request for its deletion is sent by the
registrar.
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Article 2.9 – Billing of the domain name
42.The registration and/or use of a domain name is/are subject to payment of the following:
? creation fees;
? annual maintenance fees;
? the costs of any services provided by AFNIC.
43.The costs of services provided by AFNIC, such as those invoiced to Registrars, are fixed
by AFNIC's Board of Directors for each calendar year.
44.These costs are public and can be consulted on the AFNIC website.
45. Registrars remain free to fix their own service prices but are required to make them
public.
46.Invoices are sent to and paid by the Registrar.
47.Transaction request costs are due once finalised by AFNIC.
48. The cost of registration, however, is due to AFNIC, regardless of the outcome of the
holder substantiation procedure.
49.Annual maintenance fees are to be paid to AFNIC one year after the last paid transaction
performed on a domain name.
50.AFNIC shall not be held liable for any non-payment of its services by the Registrar with an
impact on the administration of the domain name, where any complaints and/or claims
arising therefrom shall be exclusively between the Registrar and its customer.
Chapter 3: Registry
Article 3.1 - Role of the Registry
51. Domain names are allocated by AFNIC, through registrars. For the duration of its
mission, AFNIC is prohibited from operating as a Registrar for domain names; this is why
domain name transaction requests cannot be sent directly to AFNIC.
52. AFNIC establishes non-discriminatory and transparent rules that guarantee the freedom
of communication, the freedom of enterprise and intellectual property rights.
53. AFNIC does not conduct any due diligence of applications for registration, except those
relating to the terms subject to prior review as provided by this naming policy.
54. AFNIC does not research any pre-existing rights to check if the term chosen is available
or if a third party may assert a right of any kind on it.
55.AFNIC makes available on its website an easily accessible mechanism allowing any
person to report whether a domain name is considered to be unlawful or contravene public
policy.
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56. Reports are made under the sole responsibility of their author, without prejudice to the
right of AFNIC to inform the competent public authorities.
57. Making a report does not constitute a dispute resolution procedure.
58.The provisions of this Policy which allow AFNIC to monitor or make checks shall not be
construed as an obligation upon AFNIC to provide a surveillance and vigilance service, but
simply as permitting it to undertake such activities.
Article 3.2 - Powers of the Registry
59. The French Electronic Communications and Telecommunications Act does not confer
AFNIC with the power to:
? check in general the validity or legality of the choice of terms requested for
registration;
? check the legality or compliance of the supporting documents submitted by
applicants and who base their application for registration or other operations
(company registration certificate (Kbis), certificate from the French National Institute
of Industrial Property (INPI) or the Prefecture, etc.)
60. AFNIC may carry out checks as part of qualification operations to ensure the eligibility
and / or the reachability of the holder of the domain name. The qualification process consists
of two (2) distinct processes, namely the verification process and the substantiation process.
61.The verification process is initiated in several cases:
? to finalize an operation on a domain name whose incoming holder has never been
qualified before,
? At the initiative of AFNIC;
? Further to a report by a third party by means of the verification form available on the
AFNIC website;
? At the initiative of the registrar.
The verification process does not affect the portfolio of the holder of the domain name.
62.The substantiation process is initiated in several cases:
? After a verification used to highlight the implausible nature of the eligibility data and /
or the reachability of the holder;
? When the verification after a report proves to be fruitless;
? As a result of a duly substantiated complaint from a third party by means of the
verification form available on the AFNIC website; this request is made to AFNIC with
supporting documentation.
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The control is initiated in accordance with the Procedures Manual.
63. When the substantiation procedure is initiated, AFNIC sends the registry a request for
supporting documents and notifies the owner and third party of same. Concomitantly, AFNIC
suspends the portfolio of the domain name holder for a maximum period of thirty (30) days.
? If, after this period, there is no evidence to conclude that the holder complies with the
eligibility and reachability rules, AFNIC informs the registrar, the holder and the third
party, and blocks the holder's portfolio for a maximum period of thirty (30) days.
? If, after this period, there is no evidence to conclude that the holder complies with the
eligibility and reachability rules, AFNIC informs the registrar, the holder and the third
party, and deletes the holder’s portfolio.
64. The situation can be rectified at any time by sending supporting evidence, in which case,
AFNIC terminates the current procedure and informs the holder and the third party.
Article 3.3 - Responsibility of the Registry
65. Pursuant to the last paragraph of Article L 45-1 of the French Electronic Communications
and Telecommunications Act, a domain name is registered under the responsibility of the
applicant; for this reason, AFNIC cannot be held liable by virtue of the registration and / or
use of a domain name, or for any direct or indirect damage caused by same.
66. Similarly, pursuant to the last paragraph of Article L 45-1 of the French Electronic
Communications and Telecommunications Act, a domain name is registered on the basis of
statements made by the applicant; for this reason, AFNIC cannot be held liable for any
erroneous, false, or misleading information or omissions in the "Whois" database.
67. Similarly, AFNIC cannot be held liable for any temporary inability to access the "Whois"
database, or for modifications or deletions to same caused by a force majeure, a fortuitous
event, fraud, or when it has been provided with inexact information.
68. AFNIC only has a simple right to use the "Whois" database, the government owning all
the rights to the database.
69. AFNIC is bound by no obligation to provide advice either to applicants, Registrars or third
parties.
70. Under Article L. 45-4 of the French Electronic Communications and Telecommunications
Act, it is stated that the allocation of domain names is provided by the Registry through
registrars. Consequently, AFNIC may not be considered to be an "intermediary" or playing
such a role, and cannot be held liable for any relations of whatever kind between the
Registrar and its customers (applicants or holders).
71. These provisions do not preclude the possibility of AFNIC to contact the holder and / or
the administrative contact of a domain name in the special cases mentioned in the naming
policy (e.g. Syreli procedure, orphan domain names, etc.).
72.AFNIC shall in no way be held liable for any relations of whatever kind between the
domain name holder and the administrative contact.
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Chapter 4: Registrars
Article 4.1 - Role of Registrars
73.Applications to carry out transactions are necessarily processed by a registrar, which acts
as an intermediary between the applicant or registrant and AFNIC.
74. The term "registrar" refers to corporate entities which, as part of a registration contract
concluded with AFNIC, provide registration services for domain names.
75.The individual or corporate entity that wishes to register a domain name or make any
change to a domain name must choose a registrar from among the accredited registrars on a
list maintained by AFNIC on its website.
76.For each application, the registrar provides AFNIC with the items of information required
to process the request in accordance with this Policy and with the Procedures manual.
Article 4.2 – Accreditation of registrars
77. Any person wishing to act as a registrar for domain names within the scope of the
mission entrusted to AFNIC must be accredited for each top level domain in question..
78. This accreditation is issued by AFNIC in accordance with non-discriminatory and
transparent rules under the accreditation policy published on the AFNIC website.
79. The purpose of accreditation is to ensure that the registrar meets the essential
requirements necessary to meet its obligations as laid down by Article R20-44-41 of the
French Electronic Communications and Telecommunications Act.
80. Accreditation is issued by the AFNIC only on the basis of information provided by the
registrars.
81. Accreditation cannot therefore be construed as a guarantee or a quality mark of the
activities of the Registry.
Article 4.3 - Responsibility of Registrars
82. The registrar is solely responsible for:
? the relationship it has with its customers;
? any third party claims in respect of one or more domain names;
? the correct technical processing of the transaction request to be sent to AFNIC, the
entry of the data corresponding to the registrant's choices, especially in terms of
personal information, and for forwarding that data to AFNIC;
? meeting the verification requests and activities sent to it by AFNIC;
? complying with the registrant's wishes, with particular respect to protecting their
personal information.
83. AFNIC cannot be held responsible for the actions of the registrar.
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Chapter 5 - Rules relating to the holder of the
domain name
Article 5.1 - Eligibility of the holder of a domain name
84. Any individual residing and any legal entity having its headquarters or principal place of
business as specified below may apply to register or renew a domain name in each of the
top-level domains:
? within the territory of one of the member states of the European Union;
? within the territory of the following countries: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and
Switzerland.
85.The domain name holder and the administrative contact must be reachable.
86.As such, both the holder and the administrative contact must provide details of a valid
telephone number and e-mail address, including accurate information to establish their
identities. While the domain name is active, they must ensure that such information is kept
up-to-date at all times through their Registrar.
Article 5.2 - Administrative and Technical Contact
87.The domain name holder must designate an "administrative contact" on the registration
application and maintain that contact throughout the duration of the domain name.
88.The administrative contact may be the actual registrant or a designated third party
(individual or corporate entity), including the Registrar.
89.If the administrative contact is not the holder, the said contact has no rights over the
domain name.
90. The same eligibility rules applicable to the holder apply to the administrative contact.
91.The administrative contact may be contacted and/or informed of any transactions
affecting the domain name, in accordance with the provisions of the procedures manual.
92.The domain name holder must designate a "technical contact" on the registration
application and maintain that contact throughout the duration of the domain name.
93.The technical contact should be the Registrar chosen by the holder when registering the
domain name.
94.The technical contact may be contacted and/or informed of any transactions affecting the
domain name, in accordance with the provisions of the procedures manual.
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Article 5.3 – Responsibility of the holder
95.Pursuant to Article L L45.1 of the French Electronic Communications and
Telecommunications Act, the registration and renewal of domain names is done on the basis
of statements made by the applicant and under its responsibility
96.The holder shall be solely liable for the registration, use and operation of the domain
name.
97.Applicants, particularly individuals, are responsible for taking all necessary measures to
comply with the terms and conditions of the Naming Policy and for duly taking account of the
information received from AFNIC or the Registrar in any form whatsoever (manual, online
information, contractual information, FAQ, newsletters, etc.).
98. The registrant is held to choose a provider accredited by AFNIC. AFNIC cannot be held
responsible for false information or misleading statements.
99.The registrant shall hold AFNIC harmless against any third-party claims, complaints,
actions, and objections arising from or in connection with any domain name rights,
registrations, uses, or transfers of domain names.
100.Consequently, the registrant will be liable for the costs of any damages awarded against
AFNIC further to litigation, preliminary proceedings, or any other claims, including the costs
incurred in defending its interests and counsel fees.
Chapter 6 - Operations on a domain name
101. The Interventions carried out by AFNIC on domain names are set out in paragraph 4 of
the Annex to the Order of 19 February 2010.
Article 6.1 – Suspending a domain name
102. A domain name may be subject to a suspension procedure in the following cases::
? a court decision ordering the suspension of the domain name and meeting the terms
and conditions stipulated in the article entitled "Legal procedure";
? the opening of a Syreli procedure;
? the opening of a verification procedure as referred to in the article "Powers of the
Registry".
103.No application for the suspension of transactions on a domain name will be entertained
in any circumstances other than those described above.
104.The suspension of transactions may lead to the cancellation of all transactions currently
being processed by AFNIC and the corresponding tickets, preventing any future transactions
on the domain.
105. This does not affect the operation of the domain name.
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Article 6.2 – Blocking a domain name
106. A domain name may be subject to a blocking procedure in the following cases::
? a court decision ordering the blocking of the domain name and meeting the terms and
conditions stipulated in the article entitled "Legal procedure";
? a verification procedure as referred to in the article "Powers of the Registry";
? when the domain name is an orphan.
107.No application to block a domain name will be entertained in any circumstances other
than those described above.
108.The blocking of transactions may lead to the cancellation of all transactions currently
being processed by AFNIC and the corresponding tickets, preventing any future transactions
on the domain.
109. This makes the domain name inoperative.
Article 6.3 - Voluntary transfer
110.Domain names can be transferred, subject to compliance with the Naming Policy and
the specific requirements of the identification deed.
111.AFNIC will not agree to any voluntary transfers unless both parties have expressed their
agreement in accordance with the provisions of the procedures manual.
112.In the event of liquidation or any other collective insolvency proceedings, the voluntary
transfer form is signed by the designated administrator.
113.The technical procedure involved in the voluntary transfer of a domain name is
described in the procedures manual.
Article 6.4 - Compulsory transfer
114.AFNIC carries out compulsory transfers of domain names further to:
? a transfer decision taken as part of a Syreli procedure;
? a court decision ordering the transfer of the domain name and meeting the terms and
conditions stipulated in the article entitled "Legal procedure";
? a corporate operation (merger, demerger, etc.) if the original holder is no longer able
to carry out a voluntary transfer;
? a situation where the original holder is no longer able to carry out a voluntary transfer
and a legal or commercial link is established between the original holder and the new
holder.
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115.The compulsory transfer procedure implies that the new registrant in whose favour the
decision has been awarded will carry out all the formalities in respect of AFNIC and comply
with the identification and eligibility checks.
116.Insofar as the new registrant is responsible for all technical and administrative fees
incurred by a compulsory transfer, the new registrant will be liable for recovering such costs
from the former registrant if necessary.
117.The technical procedure involved in the compulsory transfer of a domain name is
described in the procedures manual.
Article 6.5 - Changing Registrars
118.Registrants may change Registrar in accordance with the contractual obligations binding
both parties.
119.Registrants are free to choose a new Registrar, which will then deal with the necessary
formalities.
120.The new Registrar must ensure that the change in no way affects ownership of the
domain name.
121.The technical procedure involved in changing Registrar and the obligations upon each
party are described in the procedures manual.
Article 6.6 - Orphan domain names
122.If a Registrar is no longer under contract with AFNIC for any reason whatsoever,
including:
? Failure to renew its registration agreement with AFNIC;
? collective insolvency proceedings;
? trading in the domain concerned has ceased;
? Termination of the registration agreement with AFNIC, irrespective of the reason;
the domain names administered by the said Registrar will be considered to be "orphan
domain names", and registrants must choose a new Registrar.
123.The Registrar is responsible for notifying its customers and registrants of same
beforehand.
124.If the Registrar fails to comply, AFNIC will notify the registrant and, if necessary, the
administrative contact of the need to change Registrar according to the provisions of the
Procedures Manual.
125.This measure shall not be construed as an obligation upon AFNIC to provide a
surveillance and vigilance service, but merely as a service provided under exceptional
circumstances.
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Article 6.7 - Deleting a domain name
126.A domain name may be deleted:
? At the request of the registrar
? further to a court decision ordering the deletion of the domain name and meeting the
terms and conditions stipulated in the article entitled "Legal procedure";
? following a decision to delete the domain name taken as part of the Syreli procedure;
? after an unsuccessful verification procedure as referred to in the article "Powers of
the Registry";
? After an "orphan domain name" procedure as referred to in the article entitled
"Orphan domain names".
127.No application for deletion will be entertained in any circumstances other than those
described above.
128.When the redemption period allowed for domain names deleted at a Registrar’s request
has elapsed, deletion is irreversible.
129.During the redemption period, the domain name can be reactivated with the same
configuration.
130. There is no lead-time for the Restore operation in cases where deletion occurs after an
unsuccessful verification procedure as part of the substantiation process referred to in the
article entitled "Powers of the Registry".
131.Once deleted, the domain name will re-enter the public domain and can be registered by
a new applicant.
132.The technical procedure involved in deleting and reactivating domain names is
described in the Procedures Manual.
Chapter 7 - Dispute Resolution
133. Pursuant to paragraph 4 of the Annex to the Order of 19 February 2010, AFNIC may
only intervene in accordance with a court order handed down after legal proceedings or as
part of the Syreli procedure.
Article 7.1 - Legal proceedings
134. AFNIC does not interfere in judicial proceedings relating to domain names for which it is
responsible.
135. AFNIC does not have the authority to take precautionary measures, since they can only
be implemented further to a court order taken to meet the requirements of this article.
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136. It is therefore the sole responsibility of the third parties concerned to take all the
appropriate measures to stop any violation they claim to infringe their rights.
137. Since AFNIC is required to implement a court order taken as a result of legal
proceedings, it is totally unnecessary to have it intervene or ask it to intervene in such
proceedings. . This being said, AFNIC reserves the right to initiate a request for abuse of
process as and when required, and to seek reimbursement of the expenses incurred by
same.
138. AFNIC satisfies this requirement under the following conditions:
? After either party has notified AFNIC, by bailiff, of an interim court decision in
pursuance of Article 514 of the French Code of Civil Procedure and justification that
the party has been notified of the decision;
(Or)
? After the earliest petitioner has notified AFNIC, by bailiff, of an interim court decision
in pursuance of Article 515 of the French Code of Civil Procedure and substantiation
that the party has been notified of the decision, and upon presentation of any
warranty ordered by the judge in pursuance of Article 517 of the French Code of Civil
Procedure ;
(Or)
? After the earliest petitioner has notified AFNIC, by bailiff, of a final court decision that
has the force of res judicata, pursuant to Article 500 of the Code of Civil Procedure,
and with due substantiation. For example, the substantiation may comprise the
forwarding of a certificate of non-recourse or of the appeal decision.
139.AFNIC cannot respond to requests that fail to comply with these conditions and shall not
be bound by letters, copies of summons or subpoena sent by applicants.
140.Should a decision applied by AFNIC be reformed (further to withdrawal, appeal, reversal
of judgment, etc.), AFNIC will apply the new decision under the same conditions of service
as set out above.
141.AFNIC shall not be held liable on any grounds whatsoever for the operations it performs
pursuant to a court decision, or to a handed down as part of a Syreli procedure, and the
applicant shall hold AFNIC harmless against any claims.
Article 7.2 - Syreli Procedure
142. The holder of a domain name agrees without reserve to be governed by the Syreli
procedure managed by AFNIC.
143. Syreli procedure as approved by the decree of 21 October 2011 is available on the
AFNIC website.
144. AFNIC is not bound by any other alternative dispute resolution procedure.
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Chapter 8 – Private information and data
Article 8.1 - Confidentiality
145.The information and documents held or sent to AFNIC, other than those available via the
Whois database, are considered to be confidential and shall not be disclosed to third parties.
146. This provision does not preclude communications ordered by the court or as part of a
request by the appropriate authority [the General Directorate for Competition Policy,
Consumer Affairs and Fraud Control (DGCCRF), France's data protection authority (CNIL),
Tax administration, Customs authorities, etc.).
Article 8.2 - "Whois" Database
147.AFNIC is in charge of the Whois database, consisting of all the data collected to identify
individual and corporate entity domain name holders and domain name registrations.
148.AFNIC determines the technical conditions for the operation of this benchmark database
and for accessing the associated services; the conditions for using the database are defined
in the terms of the reference document, entitled "Policy for publication and access to
information domain name registrations".
149.However, AFNIC shall not be held liable for any technical problems relating the actual
operation of the Internet or suspended services arising from cases of force majeure or
maintenance operations whether it concerns access to the Whois database.
150.AFNIC collects from Registrars all types of identification data required to identify
individuals or corporate entities that hold domain names.
151. The state owns the rights to the "Whois" database; AFNIC has a right to use the
"Whois" database.
152. Each day AFNIC publishes the domain names it has registered by means of the
"Whois" database.
153.AFNIC cannot be held liable for the abusive use by third parties of the identification data
that it holds, with particular reference to the data held in the “Whois” database.
154. AFNIC reserves the right to enhance the database with information about the status of
the domain name or qualification procedures. In this way, when a qualification procedure
results in the confirmation of the eligibility and / or reachability of the holder, this is entered
on the corresponding holder contact object.
155. The registrar can also input the "Whois" database at any time and make an entry on the
holder contact object confirming the eligibility and / or its reachability of its client.
156. Entries made by AFNIC to the "Whois" database do not affect the legality or the
compliance of the registration or its renewal.
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157.Domain names for which transactions are currently suspended are identified as such in
the Whois database.
158.Blocked domain names are identified as such in the Whois database.
Article 8.3 - Personal data
159.All naming-related processing under AFNIC's responsibility is carried out in accordance
with Law No. 78-17 of 6 January 1978 on Data Processing, Files and Individual Liberties,
known as the “Data Protection Act”.
160.The Registrar is responsible for abiding by the provisions of the French Data Protection
Act, including in its relations with applicant organisations and domain name registrants.
161.Duly identified domain name registrants have the right to access their personal
information stored by AFNIC or the Registrar as applicable.
162.They also have the right to amend their information via their Registrar, which can
request an administrative amendment at any time.
163.AFNIC is authorized by permit No. 2007-246 issued by the National Commission for
Data Protection, to develop an exclusion list whose purpose is to fight against acts of
cybersquatting.
Article 8.4 – Restricted information
164.The very relevance of the "Whois" database is such that all the information relating to
domain name registrants, administrative and technical contacts, whether they are individuals
or corporate entities, must be distributed online and be available to everyone.
165.In accordance with the request of the France's data protection authority (CNIL), when a
domain name is registered by an individual, the registrant may opt by default for the
"restricted information" option.
166.When this option is chosen, no personal information (name, address, telephone, fax, and
e-mail address) is distributed online within the "Whois" database, except for technical
information only (technical contact - Registrar details and DNS servers).
167.In cases where a person is both the registrant and the administrative contact, the
"restricted information" option applies by default.
168.However, the administrative contact may be contacted by e-mail, but his or her details
are not disclosed.
169.The "restricted information" option is limited to first level domain names and .nom.fr
domain names (currently closed to registration) registered by an individual registrant.
170.Personal information required for domain name registrations may be disclosed, however,
by AFNIC:
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? Further to a decision in ex parte proceedings or legal requisition, it being understood
that there is no need to bring proceedings against AFNIC in order to obtain such
information;
? on request from an authority with a right of communication (the General Directorate
for Competition Policy, Consumer Affairs and Fraud Control (DGCCRF), the customs
authorities, the Treasury, etc.);
? as part of a request to lift a person’s anonymity using a form called a "Request for
the disclosure of personal data" which is available on the AFNIC website. The
lifting of a person’s anonymity is not automatic; in particular AFNIC reserves the right
not to grant the request, depending on the status of the applicant or the ultimate
purpose.
Chapter 9 – Individual provisions
Article 9.1 - Agreement on Evidence
171.It is hereby agreed that all the emails sent by AFNIC to Registrars and/or the registrant
shall be admissible as evidence.
172.The same applies to all the technical elements exchanged between the Registrar and
AFNIC when processing applications and transactions.
173.In the event of a dispute concerning the date of receipt and/or date on which a request is
processed, the information contained on AFNIC's servers alone shall be legally binding.
Article 9.2 - Language
174. This naming policy has been drafted in French and in English.
175. In the event of any difficulty in interpreting the terms of the naming policy, only in the
French language version shall prevail between the parties.
Article 9.3 - Jurisdiction
176. Pursuant to Article L45-6 of the French Electronic Communications and
Telecommunications Act, the decisions taken by AFNIC as part of the Syreli procedure are
subject to appeal before the judicial court.
177. The same applies to the acts of AFNIC performed pursuant to this Naming Policy and in
particular the measures taken as part of the verification procedure.
178. Jurisdiction is hereby expressly conferred to the High Court of Versailles.
179. Except for the special provisions relating to the Syreli procedure, appeals against the
decisions and actions of AFNIC must be made, on pain of inadmissibility, within fifteen (15)
days of notification of same to the parties.
Article 9.4 - Governing Law
180. This Policy is governed by French law.
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Article 9.5 - Force Majeure
181. In cases of force majeure or acts of God, AFNIC may be lead to suspend all or part of
the application of this Policy.
182. The following events are explicitly considered as force majeure or acts of God, including
those usually retained by the jurisprudence of French courts and tribunals, namely:
- War, riots, fire, internal or external strikes, lockouts, occupancy of AFNIC premises,
bad weather, earthquakes, flooding, damage by water, legal or governmental
restrictions, legal or regulatory changes in forms of marketing, accidents of all kinds,
epidemics, pandemic diseases affecting more than 10% of AFNIC staff for a period of
two consecutive months, the lack of supply of energy, the partial or total shutdown of
the Internet and, more generally, telecommunications networks both public and
private, the blocking of roads and the impossibility to procure supplies and any other
event beyond the control of the parties expressly preventing the normal performance
of this Agreement.
Article 9.6 - Intellectual Property
183.The performance of their duties does not grant AFNIC or the registrar any intellectual
property rights to the domain names they manage.
Article 9.7 - Transitional or specific measures
A – Domain names in the naming zones .tm.fr, .asso.fr, .asso.re, .com.fr, and
.com.re
184. The registration of domain names in the naming zones .tm.fr, .asso.fr, .asso.re, .com.fr
and .com.re are no longer allowed as of the entry into effect of this policy
185. Domain names existing in these naming zones, however, are maintained; renewal shall
take place under the same conditions and the holder may continue to use and exploit them.
186. Only applications to perform transactions compliant with this policy will be processed by
AFNIC.
187. Only the transactions qualifying the reachability and the existence of the holder will be
processed by AFNIC.
188. As their first renewal after the entry into effect of articles L 45 et seq. and R 20-44-34 to
20-44-44 of the French Electronic Communications and Telecommunications Act of 22
March 2011, the Syreli procedure shall be applicable to them.
B - Domain names in overseas zones
189. Domain names existing under the .tf and .wf extensions are maintained; renewal shall
take place under the same conditions and the holder may continue to use and exploit them.
190.AFNIC contacts the Registrants asking them to choose a Registrar and asks them to do
their utmost to comply with the new framework
191. Only applications to perform transactions compliant with this policy will be processed by
AFNIC.
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192. Only the transactions qualifying the reachability and the existence of the holder will be
processed by AFNIC.
193. As their first renewal after the entry into effect of articles L 45 et seq. and R 20-44-34 to
20-44-44 of the French Electronic Communications and Telecommunications Act of 22
March 2011, the Syreli procedure shall be applicable to them.
194. To accompany the opening of the overseas extensions (.re, .pm, .yt, .wf, and .tf) and on
an experimental basis, AFNIC may be lead to cooperate with one or more intellectual
property rights registries. In these cases, the owners of the domain names will be alerted by
email by the intellectual property rights registry that the registration in question complies with
the terms in the intellectual property rights databases.

As you may need the information right now, please find the French version below.
Mentions légales
Propriétés du site
Le présent site est la propriété de l'Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération (AFNIC), association loi 1901, dont le siège est situé 2, rue Stephenson, Montigny le Bretonneux, 78181 Saint Quentin en Yvelines.

Le webmaster est Monsieur Alix GUILLARD.

Le site est hébergé par l'AFNIC sur ses matériels.

Droits et devoirs de l'utilisateur
L'utilisateur du présent site reconnaît disposer de la compétence des moyens nécessaires pour accéder à ce site, l'utiliser et avoir vérifié que la configuration informatique utilisée ne contient aucun virus et qu'elle est en parfait état de fonctionnement.

En conformité avec les dispositions de la loi du 6 janvier 1978 relative à l'Informatique, aux fichiers et aux libertés, le traitement automatisé de données nominatives réalisé à partir de ce site web a fait l'objet d'une déclaration auprès de la Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libertés (CNIL) qui en a délivré récépissé sous le numéro 667724.

L'utilisateur est notamment informé, conformément à cette loi que les informations qu'il communique par le biais des formulaires présents sur le site sont nécessaires pour répondre à sa demande, et sont destinées à l'AFNIC, responsable du traitement.

L'utilisateur est informé qu'il dispose d'un droit d'accès et de rectification portant sur les données le concernant auprès de l'AFNIC 2, rue Stephenson, 78181 Saint Quentin en Yvelines, ou par l'intermédiaire de notre formulaire contact.

L'utilisateur est informé que lors de ses visites sur le site un cookie peut s'installer automatiquement sur son logiciel de navigation.
Le cookie est un bloc de données qui ne permet pas de l'identifier mais qui sert à enregistrer des informations relatives à la navigation de celui-ci sur le site.

Le paramétrage du logiciel de navigation permet d'informer de la présence d'un cookie et notamment de la refuser, de la manière suivante :

si vous naviguez sur l'internet avec un navigateur " Internet Explorer 3 ou 4 (Microsoft) ", cliquez sur la barre de menu sur " Affichage ", puis sur " Options ", puis sur " Avancées ". Parmi les différents avertissements que vous pouvez activer le quatrième est intitulé " Avertir avant d'accepter les cookies " et, uniquement sur Internet Explorer 4, le cinquième est intitulé " Refuser toujours les cookies " ;
si vous naviguez sur l'internet avec le navigateur " Internet Explorer 5 (Microsoft) " ;: cliquez sur la barre de menu sur " Outils ", puis sur " Options internet ", puis sur " Sécurité ", puis sur " Personnalisez le niveau de sécurité " dans la rubrique " Cookies ", choisissez, " demandez " ou " désactivez " pour les deux options proposées ;
si vous naviguez sur l'internet avec le navigateur " Internet Explorer 6 (Microsoft) " : cliquez sur la barre de menu sur " Outils ", puis sur " Options internet ", puis sur " Confidentialité ", puis sur " Avancés " puis cochez la case " Ignorer la gestion automatique des cookies " et choisissez les options proposées ;
si vous naviguez sur l'internet avec le navigateur " Navigator Gold 3 (Netscape) " : cliquez sur la barre de menu sur " Options ", puis sur " Préférences de réseaux ", puis sur " Protocoles ". Parmi les différents avertissements que vous pouvez activer, le premier est intitulé " Avertir avant d'accepter un cookie ", vous serez alors averti(e) lors de l'arrivé d'un " cookie " et vous pourrez vous opposer à son enregistrement par votre logiciel de navigation ;
si vous naviguez sur l'internet avec le navigateur " Communicator 4 (Netscape) " : cliquez sur la barre de menu sur " Éditions ", puis sur " Préférences ", et mettez " Avancées " en surbrillance, puis choisissez l'option désirée ;
si vous naviguez sur l'internet avec le navigateur " Communicator 6 (Netscape) " ou " Mozilla " : cliquez sur la barre de menu sur " Éditions ", puis sur " Préférences ", puis sur " Confidentialité et sécurité ", puis choisissez l'option désirée.



Utilisation des données du site
Les utilisateurs du présent site sont tenus de respecter les dispositions de la loi relative à l'Informatique, aux fichiers et aux libertés, dont la violation est passible de sanctions pénales.
Ils doivent notamment s'abstenir, s'agissant des informations nominatives auxquelles ils accèdent, de toute collecte, de toute utilisation détournée, et d'une manière générale, de tout acte susceptible de porter atteinte à la vie privée ou à la réputation des personnes.

La structure générale, ainsi que les logiciels, textes, images animées ou non son savoir faire, et tous autres éléments composants le site sont la propriété exclusive de l'AFNIC.

Toute représentation totale ou partielle de ce site par quelque procédé que ce soit, sans l'autorisation expresse de l'AFNIC est interdite et constituerait une contrefaçon sanctionnée par les articles L.335-2 et suivants du Code de la propriété intellectuelle. Il en est de même des bases de données figurant sur le site web, qui sont protégées par les dispositions de la loi du 1er juillet 1998 portant transposition dans le Code de la propriété intellectuelle de la directive européenne du 11 mars 1996 relative à la protection juridique des bases de données, et dont l'AFNIC est producteur.

Les marques de l'AFNIC ainsi que les logos figurant sur le site sont des marques déposées ou sont la propriété de ses partenaires.

Toute reproduction totale ou partielle de ces marques ou de ces logos, effectuée à partir des éléments du site sans l'autorisation expresse de l'AFNIC est donc prohibée, au sens de l'article L.713-2 du Code de la propriété intellectuelle.

Alternative Dispute Resolutions (ADR) for .fr and .re domain names
Introduction
The Alternative Dispute Resolutions are extrajudicial procedures provided for anyone who consider that a .fr or .re domain name registration made by a third party affects their rights.
Two alternative procedures for resolving disputes are implemented and are administered by two different bodies. It is to be noted that AFNIC remains neutral.

Aims of the implementation of these procedures are:

short period (within one and two months);
cheap costs (below 1500 Euros);
the possibility to submit the dispute to a court with jurisdiction.


1. Overall presentation

2. ADR for .fr and .re by on-line recommendation (CMAP)

3. ADR for .fr and .re by technical decision (WIPO centre)

4. Role of AFNIC

Document also available as a PDF file (35Ko)



1. Overall presentation
The .fr and .re naming Charters expressly remind you, in compliance with the terms of the French draft bill for electronic and audiovisual communication services, that it is the responsibility of the person registering the domain name or exploiting the domain name to verify that it does not breach the rights of third parties.

To do this, and in parallel with the traditional legal channel, two alternative procedures for resolving disputes are implemented within the zone files, .fr and .re, designated by the acronym, "ADR for .fr and .re".

When they request the registration of a domain name and subscribe to the naming Charter, the registrant of the domain name undertakes to comply with these procedures.

Each of these issues is administered by a different body and has separate regulations.

These are:

the ADR for .fr and .re by "on-line recommendation",
administered by the Centre de Médiation et d'Arbitrage de Paris (CMAP) [Centre for Mediation and Arbitration of Paris]
whose regulations can be accessed at
www.mediationetarbitrage.com;


the ADR for .fr and .re by "technical decision",
administered by the Centre of Mediation and Arbitration of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO),
whose regulations can be accessed at
http://arbiter.wipo.int/domains/cctld/fr/index-fr.html.



2. ADR for .fr and .re by on-line recommendation (CMAP)
The ADR for .fr and .re by "on-line recommendation" enables the parties to a dispute relating to one or several domain names to entrust, by common agreement, the task of formulating a "recommendation" to a "dispute-resolution provider" designated by CMAP.

The "dispute-resolution provider" intervenes to facilitate the emergence of an out of court solution.

If the parties accept the recommendation, it is then used to draft a transaction protocol and to put an end to the dispute.

The solution chosen will then be implemented by AFNIC at the request of the service provider administering the domain name.

Having many things in common with mediation, this innovative solution is not restrictive, in the sense that the parties agree both to start the procedure and to apply the recommendation of the "dispute-resolution provider" or to base their decision on the suggestion of the latter.

The dispute-resolution provider may suggest solutions other than mere deletion or transfer of the domain name and may make it possible to serve the entire dispute, dealing, in particular, with the problem of compensation.

This extremely rapid and easy procedure (it takes about 16 days) is especially suitable in the event of disputes about legitimacy, as, for example, litigation between franchisers and franchisees or, in merger, acquisition, partial capital operations etc., that is all conflictual situations that are not necessarily cases of bad faith registrations of domain names (cybersquatting), which does not exclude this procedure also being used in the situation.


Recommandations of CMAP are not published and remain confidential (contrary to WIPO UDRP domain name decisions).




3. ADR for .fr and .re by technical decision (WIPO Centre)
The ADR for .fr and .re by "technical decision", administered by the WIPO Centre is a UDRP (Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy) adapted to the .fr and .re zones.

This is a binding procedure, which the owner of the domain name cannot evade.

It is, however, possible to submit the dispute to a court with jurisdiction at any time.

Under this procedure, the expert designated by the WIPO Centre will have to decide whether to reject the complaint or to transmit the name of the complainant or to remove them.

This decision is sent to AFNIC, which implements it after a period of 20 days, during which the owner may file a complaint with the French Courts to contest the decision. In that case, the application of the administrative decision then depends on the decision of the Courts.

This type of procedure, which has been used since 1999, both for gTLD (generic Top Level Domains) and in the case of some ccTLD (country-code Top Level Domains), has proved its efficacy, in particular, in combating the fraudulent registration of domain names. It will be seen, however, that the field of application of the UDRP procedure is limited to breaches of brand law.

On the other hand, ADR for .fr and .re " by "administrative decision" applies to breaches of third party rights protected in France and, in particular, to intellectual property (literary and artistic property and/or industrial property), to the regulations on competition and fair trading and to the right to the name, first name or pseudonym of an individual.

While it is possible to implement a ADR for .fr and .re " by technical decision" after a recommendation has been made within the framework of a "ADR by on-line recommendation", the reverse is not possible because of the binding nature of the "technical decision".


WIPO makes public its UDRP domain name decisions (including the cases related to .fr or .re domain names).




4. Role of AFNIC
Each of the ADR for .fr and .re is administered on a case-by-case basis, either by the CMAP, or by the WIPO Centre, without the intervention of AFNIC, which remains strictly neutral in its capacity as registry.

The role of AFNIC is restricted to:

informing the CMAP dispute-resolution provider or the WIPO expert of the information in their possession on the owner of the domain name and their domain name assets (number and time);
freezing operations on the domain name or domain names that is the subject of a ADR;
applying either the decision arrived at by agreement between the parties as a result of an "on-line recommendation" or of the "technical decision" made by the WIPO expert.
Under the terms of the naming Charter, ADR for .fr and .re does not apply to disputes that are the responsibility of AFNIC or to that of service providers, which, where possible, are brought before the courts with jurisdiction.

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