.ca Regulations

Requirements & Information

CountryCanada
CodeCA
CurrencyUSD
Available TLDsRequirements
caLC

Additional Information

http://www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/Legal/Registrants/CPR.pdf

CIRA POLICIES, RULES, AND PROCEDURES
Canadian Presence Requirements For Registrants
Version 1.3
1. Overview. After public consultation, CIRA has determined that the .ca domain
space should be developed as a key public resource for the social and economic development of
all Canadians. Accordingly, persons who wish to register a .ca domain name or sub-domain
name on and after November 8, 2000 must meet certain Canadian Presence Requirements.
While the Canadian Presence Requirements for Registrants set out below still
require a connection to Canada, they will enable a much broader group of persons to register a
.ca domain name than under the rules of the University of British Columbia (UBC) registry.
Existing Registrants under the UBC system will not have to meet these Canadian
presence requirements when they apply to re-register with CIRA a domain name that is the
subject of an existing registration. CIRA hopes this will make it easier for existing registrants of
the registry operated by UBC when they apply to CIRA for a new registration.
CIRA is committed to reviewing these Canadian Presence Requirements from time
to time in order to ensure they remain in the best interests of Canadians and the .ca registry.
2. Canadian Presence Requirements. On and after November 8, 2000 only the
following individuals and entities will be permitted to apply to CIRA (through a CIRA certified
registrar) for the registration of, and to hold and maintain the registration of, a .ca domain name:
(a) Canadian citizen. A Canadian citizen of the age of majority under the laws of
the province or territory in Canada in which he or she resides or last resided;
(b) Permanent resident. A permanent resident as defined in the Immigration and
Refugee Protection Act, (Canada) S.C. 2001, c. 27, as amended from time to time,
who is ordinarily resident in Canada (as defined below) and of the age of majority
under the laws of the province or territory in Canada in which he or she resides or
last resided;(amended June 5, 2003)
(c) Legal representative. An executor, administrator or other legal representative of
a Person listed in paragraph (a) and (b) above;
(d) Corporation. A corporation under the laws of Canada or any province or
territory of Canada;
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(e) Trust. A trust established and subsisting under the laws of a province or territory
of Canada, more than 66.6% of whose trustees meet one of the conditions set out
in paragraphs (a) to (d) above;
(f) Partnership. A partnership, more than 66.6% of whose partners meet one of the
conditions set out in paragraphs (a) to (e) above, which is registered as a
partnership under the laws of any province or territory of Canada;
(g) Association. An unincorporated organization, association or club:
(i) at least 80% of whose members: (A) are ordinarily resident in Canada (if
such members are individuals); or (B) meet one of the conditions set out
in paragraphs (a) to (f) above (if such members are not individuals); and
(ii) at least 80% of whose directors, officers, employees, managers,
administrators or other representatives are ordinarily resident in Canada;
(h) Trade union. A trade union which is recognized by a labour board under the laws
of Canada or any province or territory of Canada and which has its head office in
Canada;
(i) Political party. A political party registered under a relevant electoral law of
Canada or any province or territory of Canada;
(j) Educational institution. Any of the following:
(i) a university or college which is located in Canada and which is
authorized or recognized as a university or college under an Act of the
legislature of a province or territory of Canada; or
(ii) a college, post-secondary school, vocational school, secondary school,
pre-school or other school or educational institution which is located in
Canada and which is recognized by the educational authorities of a
province or territory of Canada or licensed under or maintained by an
Act of Parliament of Canada or of the legislature of a province or
territory of Canada;
(k) Library, Archive or Museum. An institution, whether or not incorporated, that:
(i) is located in Canada; and
(ii) is not established or conducted for profit or does not form part of, or is
not administered or directly or indirectly controlled by, a body that is
established or conducted for profit, in which is held and maintained a
collection of documents and other materials that is open to the public or
to researchers;
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(l) Hospital. A hospital which is located in Canada and which is licensed,
authorized or approved to operate as a hospital under an Act of the legislature of a
province or territory of Canada;
(m) Her Majesty the Queen. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second and her
successors;
(n) Indian band. Any Indian band as defined in the Indian Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. I-5,
as amended from time to time, and any group of Indian bands;
(o) Aboriginal Peoples. Any Inuit, First Nation, Metis or other people indigenous to
Canada, any individual belonging to any Inuit, First Nation, Metis or other people
indigenous to Canada and any collectivity of such Aboriginal peoples;
(p) Government. Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, a province or a
territory; an agent of Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, of a province or
of a territory; a federal, provincial or territorial Crown corporation, government
agency or government entity; or a regional, municipal or local area government;
(q) Trade-mark registered in Canada. A Person which does not meet any of the
foregoing conditions, but which is the owner of a trade-mark which is the subject
of a registration under the Trade-marks Act (Canada) R.S.C. 1985, c.T-13 as
amended from time to time, but in this case such permission is limited to an
application to register a .ca domain name consisting of or including the exact
word component of that registered trade-mark; or
(r) Official marks. A Person which does not meet any of the foregoing conditions,
but which is a Person intended to be protected by Subsection 9(1) of the Trade-
Marks Act (Canada) at whose request the Registrar of Trade-marks has published
notice of adoption of any badge, crest, emblem, official mark or other mark
pursuant to Subsection 9(1), but in this case such permission is limited to an
application to register a .ca domain name consisting of or including the exact
word component of such badge, crest, emblem, official mark or other mark in
respect of which such Person requested publications.
3. For the purposes of this policy:
(a) “ordinarily resident in Canada” means an individual who resides in Canada for
more than 183 days in the twelve month period immediately preceding the date of
the applicable application for registration of the .ca domain name or sub-domain
name and in each twelve month period thereafter for the duration of the domain
name registration; and
(b) “Person” includes an individual, a corporation, a partnership, a trust, an
unincorporated organization, association or club, the government of a country or
any political subdivision thereof, or any agency or department of any such
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government, and the executors, administrators or other legal representatives of an
individual in such capacity, a “person” as defined in the Trade-marks Act
(Canada) and a Person intended to be protected by Subsection 9(1) of the Trademarks
Act (Canada).
4. Notwithstanding paragraph 1 above, each registrant of a .ca domain name or subdomain
name registration which is registered in the .ca registry operated by UBC prior to
November 8, 2000 shall be deemed to satisfy the Canadian presence requirements described in
paragraph 1 above with respect only to an application by such registrant to CIRA to register such
.ca domain name or sub-domain name.

http://www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/Legal/Registrants/registrantagreement.pdf

Registrant Agreement
Version 2.0, October 12, 2010
This agreement (the “Agreement”) is between you (the “Registrant”) and the
Canadian Internet Registration Authority (“CIRA”).
In consideration of the registration by CIRA of the Domain Name applied for by
the Registrant in the name of the Registrant, and other good and valuable consideration,
the receipt and adequacy of which are hereby acknowledged, CIRA and the Registrant
agree as follows:
ARTICLE 1
INTERPRETATION
1.1 Application. This Agreement between the Registrant and CIRA applies to all
Domain Names registered by CIRA for the Registrant.
1.2 Definitions. In this Agreement:
“Administrative Contact” means the person identified in the Registration
Information as the Administrative Contact for the Registrant’s Domain
Name Registration(s);
“Affiliate” means, with respect to either party, any entity that controls, is
controlled by, or is under common control with, such party. For purposes
of the foregoing, “control” means, with respect to: (a) a corporation, the
ownership, directly or indirectly, of fifty percent (50%) or more of the
voting power to elect directors thereof; and (b) any other entity, fifty
percent (50%) or more ownership interest in said entity;
“Applicable Laws” means all international, federal, provincial and local
laws and regulations and other laws of applicable governmental
authorities;
“Domain Name” means a .ca domain name or sub-domain name;
“Domain Name Registration” means the registration by CIRA of a
Domain Name in the Registry, in the name of the Registrant, pursuant to
this Agreement;
“Fees” means the fees payable to CIRA in connection with this
Agreement, including an application for a Domain Name and/or any
renewal, transfer, and any other fees payable in connection with a Domain
Name Registration;
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“Member” or “Membership” has the meaning specified in CIRA’s
Amended and Restated By-Law No.1, which is located on CIRA’s website
at: www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/Legal/Other/bylaw1.pdf;
“Person” means a natural person, partnership, limited partnership, limited
liability partnership, corporation, limited liability corporation, unlimited
liability company, joint stock company, trust, unincorporated association,
joint venture or other entity or governmental entity;
“Registrant” means a Person who is listed in the Registry as the registrant
of a Domain Name;
“Registrar of Record” means the Registrar listed in the Registry as the
Registrar of a specific Domain Name Registration, other than CIRA. In no
event will CIRA be a Registrar of Record for purposes of the Registry
PRP;
“Registrars” mean the persons from time to time certified by CIRA to
offer Domain Name Registration services within the .ca Internet Domain
Name system;
“Registration Date” means the date a Domain Name has been activated
within the Registry;
“Registration Information” means all information which the Registry
PRP require the Registrant to submit to CIRA or the Registrar of Record
to obtain a Domain Name Registration, or to process any Transaction
Request;
“Registry” means the .ca Internet Domain Name registry operated by
CIRA;
“Registry PRP” means the CIRA policies, rules, and procedures relating
to Registrants, Registrars, and Domain Name Registrations as may be
amended or adopted by CIRA from time to time, which are located on
CIRA’s website at: www.cira.ca/en/PRP.html; and
“Transaction Requests” means all requests or transactions with respect to
a Domain Name Registration, including those to renew, transfer, modify,
or delete a Domain Name Registration.
ARTICLE 2
AGREEMENT, REGISTRY PRP, AND AMENDMENTS BY CIRA
2.1 Acceptance of Agreement and Registry PRP. This Agreement sets forth the
terms and conditions of the registration of Domain Names by the Registrant with CIRA.
The Registrant acknowledges that it has read, understood, and agrees to be bound by all
the terms and conditions of this Agreement, and the Registry PRP, which CIRA may
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establish and amend from time to time. The Registry PRP are located on CIRA’s website
at www.cira.ca/en/PRP.html. The acceptance of the Registrant Agreement and Registry
PRP by the Registrant will apply to the current registration request as well as all other
further registration requests which the Registrant may make thereafter with the same
Registrar.
2.2 Amendment of Agreement by CIRA. CIRA shall have the right, at any time
and from time to time, to amend any or all of the terms and conditions of this Agreement.
CIRA shall use commercially reasonable efforts to notify the Registrant of material
amendments to this Agreement by email in accordance with Section 10.1. However, any
amendment to this Agreement will be binding and effective upon 30 days after the
posting of such amendment on CIRA’s website.
2.3 Amendment and/or Establishment of new Registry PRP by CIRA. CIRA
shall have the right, at any time and from time to time, to amend any or all of the Registry
PRP and/or establish new Registry PRP. Any such amendment to the Registry PRP or
new Registry PRP will be binding and effective upon the posting of such amendment or
new Registry PRP on CIRA’s website.
2.4 Obligation to Review; Disagreement. The Registrant agrees to periodically
review CIRA’s website, and specifically this Agreement and the Registry PRP available
on CIRA’s website, to be aware of any amendments to the Agreement, Registry PRP
and/or any new Registry PRP. If the Registrant does not agree with any amendments to
the Agreement, the Registry PRP and/or any new Registry PRP, then the Registrant may
terminate this Agreement in accordance with Section 7.10. By continuing to maintain
Domain Name Registrations in the Registry, the Registrant has agreed to be bound by
any amendments to the Agreement, the Registry PRP and/or the establishment of any
new Registry PRP after they become effective.
ARTICLE 3
DOMAIN NAMES PROVISIONS
3.1 Registrations of Domain Names.
(a) Applications. The Registrant acknowledges and agrees that applications
for the registration of a Domain Name shall be made to CIRA only by the
Registrar of Record, on behalf of the Registrant, in accordance with this
Agreement and the Registry PRP.
(b) Processing of Applications. CIRA shall process complete applications
for the registration of a Domain Name. CIRA, in its sole discretion, shall
have the right to approve or reject any application for the registration of a
Domain Name and/or agree or refuse to register any Domain Name for
any reason whatsoever with no liability of CIRA whatsoever to the
Registrant, the Registrar of Record or any other person. CIRA will give
notice to the Registrar of Record upon the approval or rejection of an
application.
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3.2 No Proprietary Right. The Registrant acknowledges and agrees that a Domain
Name is not property and that a Domain Name Registration does not create any
proprietary right for the Registrant, the Registrar of Record or any other person in any
name used as a domain name or in any Domain Name Registration. The entry of a
domain name in the Registry and/or in the “WHOIS” database shall not be construed as
evidence of ownership of any Domain Name Registration. The Registrant shall not in
any way transfer or purport to transfer a proprietary right in any Domain Name
Registration or grant or purport to grant as security or in any other manner encumber or
purport to encumber any Domain Name Registration.
3.3 Renewals, Transfers, Modifications, Deletions and Other Transactions. The
Registrant acknowledges and agrees that a renewal, transfer, modification or deletion of,
and any other request or transaction with respect to, a Domain Name Registration shall be
made in accordance with this Agreement and the Registry PRP. CIRA will notify the
Registrar of Record of any renewal, transfer, modification, deletion or other transaction
regarding a Domain Name Registration.
3.4 Right of CIRA to Verify Information and Compliance. CIRA is entitled at any
time and from time to time during the Term (as defined in Section 7.1) to verify: (a) the
truth, accuracy and completeness of any information provided by the Registrant to CIRA,
whether directly, through any of the Registrars of Record or otherwise; and (b) the
compliance by the Registrant with the provisions of the Agreement and the Registry PRP.
The Registrant shall fully and promptly cooperate with CIRA in connection with such
verification and shall give to CIRA, either directly or through the Registrar of Record
such assistance, access to and copies of, such information and documents as CIRA may
reasonably require to complete such verification. CIRA and the Registrant shall each be
responsible for their own expenses incurred in connection with such verification.
3.5 Administrative Contacts.
(a) Agent for the Registrant. The Registrant acknowledges and agrees that
the Administrative Contact is hereby irrevocably authorized by the
Registrant to: 1. act as the Registrant’s agent in connection with the
Registrant’s Domain Name Registrations; 2. be CIRA’s contact for the
Registrant and the Domain Name Registration(s); and 3. is recognized by
CIRA and hereby irrevocably authorized by the Registrant to take any and
all actions in connection with the Domain Name Registration(s) including,
without limitation, renewing, transferring, modifying, or deleting it.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event of any dispute between the
Registrant and the Registrant’s Administrative Contact, the Registrant
shall prevail.
(b) Registrant and Administrative Contact Email Addresses. The
Registrant acknowledges and agrees that CIRA notices to the Registrant
will be sent by email only, as set forth in Section 10.1 (Notices). It is
solely the responsibility of the Registrant to ensure that the email
addresses of the Registrant and its Administrative Contact are at all times
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functional and accurate and to make arrangements with its Administrative
Contact to receive any notices that are sent by CIRA only to the
Registrant’s Administrative Contact. If CIRA can show that a notice was
sent to either the Registrant or the Registrant’s Administrative Contact
email addresses, CIRA shall not be liable to the Registrant or any third
party for damages arising from a failure to receive notice from CIRA.
3.6 Registrars.
(a) Changes of Registrar.
(1) Time Period. The Registrant may change the Registrar of Record
with respect to a Domain Name Registration at any time once 60
days has elapsed from the date of registration of the Domain
Name.
(2) Replacement of Registrar. In the event that the Registrar of
Record is no longer a Registrar for any reason, has had its
certification as a Registrar suspended, revoked or terminated,
and/or the Registrar Agreement between CIRA and the Registrar
of Record is terminated or expires, the Registrant shall be
responsible for changing such Registrar of Record to a new
Registrar. Such change must occur within 30 days of notice being
given to the Registrant, or such other period of time specified by
CIRA.
(3) Agreement and Registry PRP. Any change of the Registrar of
Record must be done in accordance with this Agreement and the
Registry PRP.
(b) Registrar as Agent. The Registrant acknowledges and agrees that the
Registrar of Record is hereby also irrevocably authorized to act as the
Registrant’s agent in connection with Domain Name Registrations.
Accordingly, any communication and/or instructions to or from the
Registrar of Record will be taken as being to or from the Registrant.
Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Registrant
acknowledges and agrees that the Registrar of Record may cancel the
Registrant’s Domain Name Registration within 5 days from the
registration of the Domain Name at their discretion and without the
Registrant’s consent.
(c) Registrar Obligations. The Registrant acknowledges that the Registrar of
Record has a number of obligations to CIRA, and should the Registrar fail
to comply with such obligations, CIRA may require the Registrant to
change such Registrar of Record to a new Registrar.
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3.7 Membership. The Registrant acknowledges and agrees that if the Registrant
becomes a Member of CIRA, the Registrant agrees to abide by the terms of CIRA
Membership, as set out in CIRA’s Amended and Restated By-law No.1, Policy on
Membership and the Registry PRP, which are located on CIRA’s website at
www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/Legal/Other/bylaw1.pdf, www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/
Legal/Membership/membership.pdf, and www.cira.ca/en/PRP.html respectively.
ARTICLE 4
CERTAIN REGISTRANT OBLIGATIONS
4.1 Certain Registrant Obligations. Throughout the Term of this Agreement, the
Registrant shall comply with and abide by all provisions of this Agreement and the
Registry PRP. Furthermore, the Registrant shall, in accordance with this Agreement and
the Registry PRP:
(a) submit Registration Information to CIRA upon request, and ensure at all
times that the Registration Information is true, complete and accurate;
(b) promptly give notice to the Registrar of Record (for communication to
CIRA), of any change to any Registration Information;
(c) comply with and observe all Applicable Laws;
(d) immediately give notice to CIRA of any pending or threatened claim,
demand, action, cause of action, proceeding, lawsuit, investigation or
application (collectively a “Claim”) in relation to any Domain Name
Registration (or any judicial requests or orders to produce documents or
information obtained from or supplied to the Registry) that became known
to the Registrant;
(e) not engage in any direct or indirect activity which, in CIRA’s reasonable
opinion, is designed to bring, or may bring, the Registry into disrepute, is
designed to interfere, or may interfere, with CIRA’s operations or is
designed to expose, or may expose, CIRA to prosecution or to legal action
by the Registrant or a third party;
(f) act in good faith towards CIRA;
(g) not allow any third party to use or operate any Domain Name Registration
registered in the name of the Registrant and not register any Domain
Name as agent for, or on behalf of, any third party in any manner
whatsoever, including without limiting the generality of the foregoing, for
the purposes of lending, leasing, licensing or otherwise granting rights in
such Domain Name Registration to any third party for monetary or nonmonetary
consideration, unless such third party: (i) otherwise qualifies
under the applicable Registry PRP including without limitation CIRA’s
Canadian Presence for Registrants which is located on CIRA’s website at
www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/Legal/Registrants/CPR.pdf; or (ii) is an
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Affiliate of the Registrant. For this purpose, “third party” means any
Person other than CIRA and the Registrant.
(h) be wholly responsible for the use and operation of any third, fourth, or
further sub-level domain to any second level Domain Name Registration
in the Registrant’s name and the Registrant shall ensure that the use and
operation of any such sublevel domain is conducted in compliance with
this Agreement and the Registry PRP;
(i) not use any trade-mark, trade-name or symbol of CIRA or any trade-mark,
trade-name or symbol likely to be confused therewith; and
(j) be wholly responsible for taking, or ensuring that the Registrar of Record
deletes a Domain Name Registration during the Auto-Renew Grace
Period, as such term is defined in the General Registration Rules, if the
Registrant does not wish that the Domain Name Registration be renewed.
4.2 No Conflict. The Registrant shall not enter into any agreement with any
Registrar or any other person that is inconsistent with, or in any way, modifies, affects,
overrides, limits, contradicts or cancels the terms and conditions of this Agreement and/or
the Registry PRP. To the extent that the provisions of any such agreement conflict or are
inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement and/or the Registry PRP, the
Registrant hereby agrees that the provisions of this Agreement and Registry PRP shall
prevail and be binding on the Registrant for the benefit of CIRA.
ARTICLE 5
REGISTRATION INFORMATION
5.1 Consent to Use of Registration Information. The Registrant consents to the
collection, use, storage and disclosure of Registration Information, including any
personal information of the Registrant, as set out in CIRA’s Privacy Policy, which is
located on CIRA’s website at: www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/Legal/Registrants/
privacy.pdf.
5.2 Disclosure Procedure. For any Registration Information which is not made
available in the WHOIS database, the Registrant acknowledges and agrees that: (a) such
information will be maintained in the CIRA Registry and may be used and disclosed by
CIRA as permitted herein and/or in the Registry PRP; and (b) CIRA shall have no
liability for any claim, damage, loss or expense arising as a result of the disclosure of
Registrant Information as permitted herein and/or the Registry PRP.
5.3 Third Party Correspondence. The Registrant acknowledges and agrees that
CIRA may forward to the Registrant any correspondence from third parties and may
exercise its discretion to refuse to forward such correspondence. The Registrant agrees
that CIRA shall have no liability for any claim, damage, loss or expense arising as a
result of CIRA reviewing, sending, delaying or failing to review or send any such
correspondence to the Registrant. The Registrant further acknowledges and agrees that
CIRA has no control over the content of information that may be sent to the Registrant
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via CIRA and that CIRA shall have no liability for any claim, damage, loss or expense
arising as a result of any such content.
5.4 WHOIS. The Registrant acknowledges and agrees that CIRA has no control over
how any person uses the information disclosed by CIRA through the WHOIS database,
whether or not the information is subject to domestic or foreign privacy laws.
ARTICLE 6
REGISTRANT REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
6.1 Representations and Warranties. The Registrant covenants, represents and
warrants to CIRA as follows:
(a) Authorization. The Registrant has the power, authority and capacity to
enter into this Agreement and all other documents and instruments
contemplated by this Agreement and to carry out its obligations under this
Agreement and such other documents and instruments.
(b) Registration Information. During the Term of this Agreement, all
Registration Information is and at all times shall be true, complete and
accurate and not misleading.
(c) No Infringement. During the Term of this Agreement, neither the
registration of any Domain Name nor the manner in which the Registrant
intends to use or uses such Domain Name will directly or indirectly
infringe or otherwise violate the copyright, trade-mark, patent or other
intellectual property or other rights of any person or defame any person or
unlawfully discriminate against any person or breach any Applicable
Laws.
(d) Qualification. During the Term of this Agreement, the Registrant meets
and shall continue to meet all the requirements of this Agreement and the
Registry PRP to: (a) be a Registrant, (b) apply for the registration of a
Domain Name Registration, and (c) hold and maintain a Domain Name
Registration, including without limitation CIRA’s Canadian Presence
Requirements for Registrants, which is located on CIRA’s website at:
www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/Legal/Registrants/CPR.pdf.
6.2 Survival. The Registrant acknowledges and agrees that the limitations on
warranties, conditions and liabilities, and the representations and warranties of the
Registrant contained herein shall forever survive the expiry or termination of this
Agreement or any suspension or deletion of any Domain Name Registration.
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ARTICLE 7
TERM; RIGHTS AND REMEDIES OF CIRA
7.1 Term. The term of this Agreement (the “Term”) shall commence effective upon
the date that the Registrant enters into this Agreement with CIRA and shall continue in
force until terminated as set out herein.
7.2 Restrictions on Domain Name Registrations. CIRA may, in accordance with
this Agreement, the Registry PRP or, in its sole discretion and at its sole option, restrict
the Registrant’s ability to renew, transfer, modify, or delete any or all of the Registrant’s
Domain Name Registrations.
7.3 Suspension and/or Deletion of Domain Name Registrations. CIRA may, in its
sole discretion and at its sole option, upon notice to the Registrant suspend and/or delete a
Domain Name Registration within 30 days of the registration of the Domain Name for
any reason whatsoever. CIRA may also, in its sole discretion and at its sole option, upon
notice to the Registrant suspend and/or delete a Domain Name Registration in the event
that:
(a) the Registration Information concerning such Domain Name Registration
contains false, misleading, incomplete, and/or inaccurate information;
(b) the Registrar of Record fails to pay to CIRA when due any Fees payable
by the Registrar of Record to CIRA with respect to a Domain Name
Registration for any reason whatsoever;
(c) the Registrant breaches any term of this Agreement or any of the Registry
PRP;
(d) the Registrant at any time fails to meet all of the requirements of this
Agreement and/or the Registry PRP to: (a) be a Registrant, (b) apply for
the registration of a Domain Name Registration, and/or (c) hold and
maintain a Domain Name Registration, including without limitation
CIRA’s Canadian Presence Requirements for Registrants, which is
located on CIRA’s website at: www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/Legal/
Registrants/CPR.pdf;
(e) the Registrant engages in any direct or indirect activity which in CIRA’s
reasonable opinion: (1) brings, or may bring, the Registry into disrepute;
(2) interferes, or may interfere, with the Registry and/or CIRA’s
operations; and/or (3) exposes, or may expose, CIRA to prosecution or to
legal action by the Registrant or a third party;
(f) maintaining the Domain Name Registration would put CIRA in conflict
with requirements of Applicable Laws, or any applicable federal,
provincial or territorial human rights legislation or the Criminal Code
(Canada), or the terms of an order, ruling, decision or judgment of a court,
tribunal, board, administrative body, commission or arbitrator;
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(g) the deletion, transfer or suspension of a Domain Name Registration is
required by an order or decision under CIRA’s Domain Name Dispute
Resolution Policy or an order, ruling, decision or judgment of a court,
tribunal, board, administrative body, commission or arbitrator; or
(h) the designation by the government of Canada of CIRA to manage, operate
and control the Registry is terminated or CIRA is no longer recognized at
the international level as having the exclusive authority to operate the
Registry.
7.4 Suspension and/or Deletion by CIRA. In addition to CIRA’s other rights and
remedies herein, CIRA may at its sole discretion and at its sole option suspend and/or
delete any Domain Name Registration that it deems necessary to (1) protect the integrity
and stability of the registry; (2) to comply with any applicable laws, government rules or
requirements, requests of law enforcement, or any dispute resolution process; (3) to avoid
any liability, civil or criminal, on the part of CIRA, as well as its officers, directors, and
employees; or (4) to correct mistakes made by CIRA or any Registrar in connection with
a Domain Name Registration.
7.5 Suspension and Deletion for Failure to Confirm Registration Information.
CIRA may in its sole discretion and at its sole option immediately suspend a Domain
Name Registration for failure by the Registrant to satisfactorily confirm the truth,
accuracy and/or completeness of Registration Information upon CIRA’s request. During
the period of suspension as prescribed by CIRA, the Registrant may at any time
reactivate the suspended Domain Name Registration by satisfactorily confirming or
correcting the Registration Information. If a Registrant fails to confirm the Registration
Information in accordance with the Registry PRP within the period of suspension
prescribed by CIRA, CIRA may, in its sole discretion, delete the Domain Name
Registration.
7.6 Effect of Suspension. During any period in which a Domain Name Registration
has been suspended pursuant to the provisions of this Agreement or the Registry PRP:
(a) the Domain Name Registration will not be included in the list of Domain
Name Registrations transferred on a daily basis to the Registry’s primary
domain name server and accordingly, an Internet user will not be able to
send an email or access a web page which incorporates such Domain
Name Registration;
(b) no transactions or activities associated with the Domain Name
Registration and/or information concerning the Domain Name
Registration will be possible, including without limitation, renewals,
transfers, deletions, modifications or other requests or transactions;
(c) CIRA will continue to list such suspended Domain Name Registration in
the WHOIS look up system of the Registry and the WHOIS look up
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system will indicate that the Domain Name Registration has been
suspended;
(d) CIRA may reactivate the suspended Domain Name Registration at any
time in its sole discretion; and
(e) CIRA may extend the period of suspension at any time for such period as
CIRA may determine in its sole discretion.
7.7 Effect of Deletion of a Domain Name Registration. Upon the deletion by CIRA
of a Domain Name Registration for any reason pursuant to this Agreement:
(a) the Registrant will no longer be entitled to the use of such Domain Name
Registration and accordingly, an Internet user will not be able to send an
email or access a web page which incorporates such Domain Name
Registration;
(b) the Domain Name Registration will be deleted from the Registry and will
be available for registration in the name of another person;
(c) CIRA will list the deleted Domain Name Registration as available in its
WHOIS look up system; and
(d) if the Registrant is a Member, the Registrant will cease being a Member
forthwith after deletion of the Domain Name Registration, unless the
Registrant has at least one other Domain Name Registration.
7.8 Prohibition on New Registrations. CIRA, in its sole discretion, shall have the
right to refuse any Registration Request from an Applicant if the Applicant previously
had a Registrant Agreement terminated by CIRA.
7.9 Termination of Agreement by CIRA. CIRA may, in its sole discretion and at its
sole option, terminate this Agreement by giving notice thereof to the Registrant (such
termination to be effective on the date specified by CIRA in the notice) in the event that:
(a) the Registrant breaches any term of this Agreement or any of the Registry
PRP, other than as set forth in Sections 7.8(b) through (h), and fails to cure
that breach within 10 days of receipt of notice from CIRA;
(b) the Registrant disrupts or abuses CIRA’s registry services as determined
by CIRA in its sole discretion, acting reasonably;
(c) all of the Domain Name Registrations registered in the name of the
Registrant have been deleted or have expired;
(d) the designation by the government of Canada of CIRA to manage, operate
and control the Registry is terminated or CIRA is no longer recognized at
12
the international level as having the exclusive authority to operate the
Registry;
(e) the Registrant files, or consents to the filing against it of, any petition for
relief, reorganization or liquidation under any bankruptcy or insolvency
law of any jurisdiction, or has any such petition filed against it that is not
dismissed within 30 days thereafter;
(f) the Registrant makes a general assignment for the benefit of its creditors,
or consents to the appointment of a custodian, receiver, trustee or other
officer with similar powers over a substantial portion of its assets, or has
any proceeding seeking such an appointment filed against it;
(g) an execution or any other process of any court shall become enforceable
against the Registrant; and/or
(h) the Registrant ceases to carry on business in the normal course, dissolves
or is wound up, or ceases to exist as the Person listed in the Registry.
7.10 Termination by Registrant. The Registrant shall be entitled (either directly or
through the Registrar of Record) to terminate this Agreement at any time by giving 30
days notice to CIRA. The Registrant understands and agrees that there shall be no refund
of any Fees in such event.
7.11 Effect of Termination of Agreement. Upon termination of this Agreement for
any reason: (a) all Domain Name Registrations in the name of the Registrant shall be
immediately and automatically deleted and they shall be made available for any other
person to register; (b) in the case of a Registrant who is a Member, the immediate and
automatic termination of the Registrant’s Membership in CIRA; and (c) Sections 5.1, 6,
7.9, 8, 9 and 10 of this Agreement shall survive.
ARTICLE 8
LIMITATIONS ON WARRANTIES, CONDITIONS, LIABILITY;
INDEMNIFICATION
8.1 EXCLUSION OF REPRESENTATIONS, WARRANTIES AND
CONDITIONS. THE REGISTRANT EXPRESSLY UNDERSTANDS AND AGREES
THAT:
ALL SERVICES PROVIDED BY CIRA, INCLUDING WITHOUT
LIMITATION, THE PROVISION OF DOMAIN NAME REGISTRATIONS
(“SERVICES”), ARE PROVIDED ON AN “AS IS” AND “AS
AVAILABLE” BASIS. CIRA MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS,
WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, WHETHER ORAL OR
WRITTEN, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE
REGARDING THE SERVICES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
ANY WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF MERCHANTABLE QUALITY
13
OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NONINFRINGEMENT.
WITHOUT LIMITING THE FOREGOING, CIRA MAKES NO WARRANTY:
?? THAT THE REGISTRY WILL BE AVAILABLE AT ALL TIMES DURING
THE TERM;
?? THAT THE SERVICES WILL BE TIMELY, SECURE OR ERROR FREE;
?? THAT THE SERVICES WILL BE FREE FROM BUGS OR VIRUSES;
?? WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCESSIBILITY, COMPATIBILITY OR
INTEROPERABILITY OF THE REGISTRY OR THE SYSTEMS
ACCESSED BY THE REGISTRAR(S) OF RECORD AND/OR THE
REGISTRANT; OR
?? WITH RESPECT TO THE SECURITY OF THE REGISTRY OR ANY
SYSTEMS ACCESSED BY THE REGISTRAR(S) OF RECORD AND/OR
THE REGISTRANT.
8.2 LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY PROVISION
OF THIS AGREEMENT TO THE CONTRARY, REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OR
CAUSE OF ACTION WHETHER IN CONTRACT OR TORT OR THE NUMBER OF
CLAIMS, WHETHER OR NOT SUCH DAMAGES ARE FORESEEABLE OR CIRA
HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, AND
WHETHER IN RESPECT OF A BREACH OR DEFAULT IN THE NATURE OF A
BREACH OF CONDITION OR FUNDAMENTAL TERM OR A FUNDAMENTAL
BREACH:
(A) CIRA AND ITS DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES, AGENTS
OR REPRESENTATIVES SHALL NOT HAVE ANY LIABILITY TO
THE REGISTRANT FOR ANY ECONOMIC, CONSEQUENTIAL,
INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY LOST REVENUES OR PROFITS)
ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THIS AGREEMENT, AND
(B) CIRA’S ENTIRE LIABILITY FOR ANY CLAIM ARISING OUT OF
OR RELATED TO THIS AGREEMENT (OTHER THAN LIABILITY
FOR DEATH OR PERSONAL INJURY CLAIMS) SHALL BE
LIMITED TO ACTUAL, DIRECT, PROVABLE DAMAGES NOT TO
EXCEED THE AMOUNT RECEIVED BY CIRA FROM THE
REGISTRAR OF RECORD FOR THE DOMAIN NAME
REGISTRATION THAT IS THE SUBJECT OF SUCH CLAIM.
FOR GREATER CERTAINTY, AND WITHOUT LIMITING THE GENERALITY OF
THE FOREGOING, THIS EXCLUSION OF LIABILITY SHALL APPLY TO ANY
14
COSTS, LOSSES OR DAMAGES OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER ARISING FROM
OR RELATED TO ACCESS DELAYS OR INTERRUPTIONS TO THE REGISTRY,
CIRA’S WEBSITE, ANY PRODUCT, SERVICE OR OPERATION (INCLUDING
BUT NOT LIMITED TO E-MAIL AND VOIP) RELYING ON THE PROPER
FUNCTION OF THE .CA DOMAIN, THE REGISTRANT’S WEBSITE, OR THE
DOMAIN NAME REGISTRATION SYSTEM; ISSUES WITH THE DNS (“DOMAIN
NAME SYSTEM”); UNAUTHORIZED USE OR MISUSE OF THE REGISTRATION
INFORMATION; OR CIRA’S FAILURE OR REFUSAL TO REGISTER, RENEW,
TRANSFER, MAINTAIN, MODIFY OR DELETE A DOMAIN NAME
REGISTRATION.
THE REGISTRANT ALSO AGREES TO BE BOUND BY THE LIMITATION OF
LIABILITY CLAUSE IN THE CIRA DOMAIN NAME DISPUTE RESOLUTION
POLICY.
8.3 Indemnity.
(a) The Registrant agrees to defend, indemnify and save CIRA and its
contractors, agents, employees, officers, directors, Members, affiliates and
assigns harmless from and against any and all damages, liabilities,
obligations, losses, claims, demands, actions, causes of action, lawsuits,
penalties, costs and expenses (including, without limitation, reasonable
legal and other related costs) arising out of or in any way connected with
the Registrant’s use of the Services, including without limitation the
Registrant’s use of any Domain Name Registration, the Registrant’s
violation of the Registrant Agreement or Registry PRP, or the Registrant’s
violation of any rights of another person.
(b) If a Claim is made, or CIRA believes a Claim is likely, CIRA may seek
written assurances from the Registrant concerning their obligation to
indemnify CIRA. The Registrant acknowledges and agrees that its failure
to provide those assurances may be considered by CIRA to be a material
breach of this Agreement.
(c) CIRA shall have the right to participate in any defence by the Registrant
of a third-party claim, with counsel of CIRA’s choice at CIRA’s own
expense. CIRA shall reasonably cooperate in the defence at the
Registrant’s request and expense. The Registrant must receive CIRA’s
prior written consent regarding any related settlement of a Claim.
ARTICLE 9
LEGAL RELATIONSHIP
9.1 Independent Contractors. The legal relationship between CIRA and the
Registrant and CIRA and each Registrar of Record is that of independent contractors.
Under no circumstances shall this Agreement be construed to create a partnership, agency
15
or joint venture between CIRA and the Registrant or CIRA and any Registrar(s) of
Record.
9.2 No Agency. Neither party shall have any right, power or authority to act on behalf
of the other party and neither party shall create any express or implied obligations or
financial commitments on behalf of the other party.
9.3 Registrant Bound as a Principal. The Registrant agrees that the Registrant is
bound as a principal by all of the terms and conditions of this Agreement, and the
Registry PRP, notwithstanding that the Registrar of Record and/or an agent of the
Registrant applied for the registration of the Registrant’s selected Domain Name(s) on
behalf of the Registrant. The continued registration of the Registrant’s Domain Name
Registrations shall ratify any unauthorized actions of the Registrar of Record and any
such agent. In addition, the Registrant is responsible for any errors made by the Registrar
of Record or any such agent.
ARTICLE 10
GENERAL TERMS
10.1 Notices. Any notice or other communication provided hereunder shall be in
writing. Notices from CIRA to the Registrant shall be sent only by email to the email
addresses listed in the Registration Information for the Registrant and/or the Registrant’s
Administrative Contact, and will be deemed to have been given and received on the date
on which they are sent. Notices from the Registrant to CIRA shall be sent by: (a)
personal delivery, (b) courier, or (c) confirmed facsimile transmission, addressed to:
General Counsel, CIRA 350 Sparks Street, Suite 306, Ottawa, Ontario K1R 7S8 and shall
be effective on the earlier of: (i) confirmation of receipt or (ii) three days after the date of
posting or transmission.
10.2 Time of Essence. Time is of the essence in this Agreement.
10.3 Further Assurances. Each party will promptly do, execute, deliver or cause to
be done, executed and delivered all further acts, documents and things in connection with
this Agreement that the other party may reasonably require, for the purposes of giving
effect to this Agreement.
10.4 Successors and Assigns. This Agreement will enure to the benefit of, and be
binding on, the parties and their respective administrators, executors or other legal
representatives, successors and permitted and qualified assigns. CIRA may assign or
transfer all or any part of its rights and obligations under this Agreement to any person
The Registrant shall not assign or transfer, whether absolutely, by way of security or
otherwise, all or any part of its rights or obligations under this Agreement without the
prior written consent of CIRA, which consent shall be in CIRA’s sole discretion. Any
such purported assignment or transfer, or attempt to so assign and transfer without
CIRA’s prior written consent, shall be of no force and effect.
10.5 Entire Agreement. This Agreement (including the Registry PRP which are
incorporated by reference herein) constitutes the entire agreement between the parties
16
pertaining to the subject matter of this Agreement and supersedes all prior agreements,
understandings, negotiations and discussions, whether oral or written. There are no
conditions, warranties, representations or other agreements between the parties in
connection with the subject matter of this Agreement (whether oral or written, express or
implied, statutory or otherwise) except as specifically set out in this Agreement.
10.6 Waiver. A waiver of any default, breach or non-compliance under this
Agreement is not effective unless in writing and signed by the party to be bound by the
waiver. No waiver will be inferred from or implied by any failure to act or delay in
acting by a party in respect of any default, breach or non-observance or by anything done
or omitted to be done by the other party. The waiver by a party of any default, breach or
non-compliance under this Agreement will not operate as a waiver of that party’s rights
under this Agreement in respect of any continuing or subsequent default, breach or nonobservance
(whether of the same or any other nature).
10.7 Severability. Any provision of this Agreement which is prohibited or
unenforceable in any jurisdiction will, as to that jurisdiction, be ineffective to the extent
of such prohibition or unenforceability and will be severed from the balance of this
Agreement, all without affecting the remaining provisions of this Agreement or affecting
the validity or enforceability of such provision in any other jurisdiction.
10.8 Governing Law; Attornment. This Agreement will be governed by and
construed in accordance with the laws of the Province of Ontario and the laws of Canada
applicable in that Province and will be treated, in all respects, as an Ontario contract. The
Registrant agrees to submit to the personal and exclusive jurisdiction of a court of
competent jurisdiction in the City of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario.
10.9 Force Majeure. Neither party shall be deemed to be in default hereunder for any
delay or failure to perform its obligations under this Agreement resulting from causes
beyond its reasonable control. Each party will use its best efforts to anticipate such delays
and failures, and to devise means to eliminate or minimize them.
10.10 Remedies Cumulative. The rights and remedies of CIRA under this Agreement
are cumulative and no exercise or enforcement by CIRA of any right or remedy
hereunder shall preclude the exercise or enforcement by CIRA of any other right or
remedy hereunder or to which it is otherwise entitled by law to enforce.
10.11 Language. The parties to this Agreement have required that this Agreement and
all deeds, documents and notices relating to this Agreement, be drawn up in the English
language. Les parties aux présentes ont exigé que le présent contrat et tous autres
contrats, documents ou avis afférents aux présentes soient rédigés en langue anglaise.

http://www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/CDRPpolicy.pdf

CIRA POLICIES, RULES, AND PROCEDURES
CIRA Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy
Version 1.2
PARAGRAPH 1 – INTRODUCTION
1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this CIRA Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Policy”) is
to provide a forum in which cases of bad faith registration of domain names registered in
the dot-ca country code top level domain name registry operated by CIRA (the
“Registry”) can be dealt with relatively inexpensively and quickly.
1.2 Scope. The Policy sets forth the terms and conditions for resolution by arbitration
of a dispute between a person (the “Registrant”) who has obtained the registration of a
domain name in the Registry (the “Registration”) and any other person (other than CIRA
or a CIRA certified registrar (a “Registrar”) acting in its capacity as Registrar)
concerning the registration of the domain name. For the purposes of this Policy,
“domain name” means the domain name excluding the “dot-ca” suffix and the suffixes
associated with all third and fourth level domain names accepted for registration by
CIRA.
1.3 Rules. A dispute resolution proceeding initiated under the Policy (a
“Proceeding”) is also subject to the CIRA Dispute Resolution Rules (the “Resolution
Rules”) (currently available at http://www.cira.ca/en/cat_Dpr.html).
1.4 Eligible Complainants. The person initiating a Proceeding (the “Complainant”)
must, at the time of submitting a complaint (the “Complaint”), satisfy the Canadian
Presence Requirements for Registrants (the “CPR”) (currently available at
http://www.cira.ca/en/cat_Registration.html) in respect of the domain name that is the
subject of the Proceeding unless the Complaint relates to a trade-mark registered in the
Canadian Intellectual Property Office (“CIPO”) and the Complainant is the owner of the
trade-mark.
1.5 Dispute Resolution Service Provider. All Proceedings will be administered by
a dispute resolution service provider approved by CIRA (the “Provider”).
1.6 Role of CIRA. CIRA will not participate in any way in any Proceeding other
than as expressly provided in the Policy and the Resolution Rules.
1.7 Alternative Proceedings. The availability of a Proceeding pursuant to the Policy
will not prevent either the Registrant or the Complainant from submitting a dispute
between them to a judicial or administrative proceeding, arbitration, mediation or any
other procedure at any time for independent resolution. However, unless otherwise
agreed among the Complainant, the Registrant and the Provider, neither the Complainant
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nor the Registrant will take any action to cause or permit the provisions of any foreign or
domestic legislation relating to arbitration of disputes to apply to the conduct of any
Proceeding.
1.8 Amendments. CIRA reserves the right to amend the Policy at any time. Any
amended Policy will become effective thirty (30) calendar days after the amended Policy
is posted on CIRA’s website. The version of the Policy in effect at the time a Proceeding
is initiated will apply to the Proceeding.
1.9 Commitments by Complainant. By initiating a Proceeding, the Complainant:
(a) agrees that the Complainant will be bound by the provisions of the Policy and the
Resolution Rules; and
(b) represents and warrants to CIRA and the Registrant that: (i) the Complainant
satisfies the CPR at the time of submitting the Complaint or the Complaint relates
to a trade-mark registered in CIPO and the Complainant is the owner of the trademark;
and (ii) if CIRA transfers the Registration that is the subject of the
Proceeding to the Complainant or a nominee of the Complainant, at the time of
transfer, the Complainant, or nominee, will satisfy the CPR in respect of the
domain name that is subject of the Proceeding.
PARAGRAPH 2 - COMPLAINT
2.1 Initiation of Proceeding. A Proceeding is initiated by the submission of a
Complaint by a Complainant with a Provider in accordance with the Resolution Rules.
2.2 Administration of Proceeding. The Provider will administer the Proceeding in
accordance with the Policy and the Resolution Rules.
2.3 Fees. The fees charged by a Provider in connection with a Proceeding are set out
in the Resolution Rules.
2.4 Restriction on Registration Transactions. Upon the receipt of notice by CIRA
from a Provider of the submission of a Complaint to the Provider, unless otherwise
permitted by the Policy, CIRA will not allow the Registration that is the subject of the
Complaint to be cancelled, transferred to, or merged with another person, and the
Registration will be so marked in CIRA’s records.
2.5 Permitted Transactions. CIRA may suspend, cancel or modify the Registration
that is the subject of a Complaint in accordance with the terms of the agreement between
the Registrant and CIRA concerning the Registration (the “Registrant Agreement”).
After the date on which CIRA receives one of the communications or documents listed
below, CIRA will delete the reference to the Proceeding in CIRA’s records and CIRA
may allow the Registration to be cancelled, transferred to, or merged with another
person:
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(a) notice from the Provider that the Proceeding is concluded or terminated;
(b) appropriate written or electronic instructions from the Registrant’s Registrar to
transfer the Registration to the Complainant;
(c) an original copy of an agreement executed by both the Registrant and the
Complainant settling the Complaint; or
(d) a certified copy of an order, ruling, judgment or decision of a court, tribunal,
board, administrative body or commission in Canada or an arbitrator disposing of
the Complaint.
CIRA will have the right but not the obligation to take any steps to verify the validity of
the communication or document. If CIRA receives and accepts any of the above noted
communications, CIRA will notify the Provider upon the execution of the cancellation,
transfer, or merge.
2.6 Extension of Time. Upon the receipt of notice by CIRA from a Provider of the
submission of a Complaint to the Provider, all deadlines relating to a Registration
that is the subject of the Complaint including, without limitation, the obligation to
renew a Registration, but excluding any deadlines that are provided for in the
Policy or the Resolution Rules, will be suspended while the Proceeding is
pending. The suspension will automatically cease when the Provider gives notice
to the Registrant, the Complainant and CIRA of the decision on the Complaint or
CIRA notifies the Registrant and the Complainant that CIRA has taken all the
steps it intends to take under paragraph 2.5. The Registrant will have ninety (90)
days after the date the notice is given to meet the suspended deadline(s.)
PARAGRAPH 3 - BASIS FOR COMPLAINT
3.1 Applicable Disputes. A Registrant must submit to a Proceeding if a Complainant
asserts in a Complaint submitted in compliance with the Policy and the Resolution Rules
that:
(a) the Registrant’s dot-ca domain name is Confusingly Similar to a Mark in which
the Complainant had Rights prior to the date of registration of the domain name
and continues to have such Rights;
(b) the Registrant has no legitimate interest in the domain name as described in
paragraph 3.6; and
(c) the Registrant has registered the domain name in bad faith as described in
paragraph 3.7.
For the purposes of this Policy, the date of registration of a domain name is the date on
which the domain name was first registered in the Registry or the predecessor registry
operated by the University of British Columbia.
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3.2 Mark. A “Mark” is:
(a) a trade-mark, including the word elements of a design mark, or a trade name that
has been used in Canada by a person, or the person’s predecessor in title, for the
purpose of distinguishing the wares, services or business of that person or
predecessor or a licensor of that person or predecessor from the wares, services or
business of another person;
(b) a certification mark, including the word elements of a design mark, that has been
used in Canada by a person or the person’s predecessor in title, for the purpose of
distinguishing wares or services that are of a defined standard;
(c) a trade-mark, including the word elements of a design mark, that is registered in
CIPO; or
(d) the alphanumeric and punctuation elements of any badge, crest, emblem or mark
in respect of which the Registrar of Trade-marks has given public notice of
adoption and use pursuant to paragraph 9(1)(n) of the Trade-marks Act (Canada).
3.3 Rights. A person has “Rights” in a Mark if:
(a) in the case of paragraphs 3.2 (a) and 3.2(b), the Mark has been used in Canada by
that person, that person’s predecessor in title or a licensor of that person or
predecessor;
(b) in the case of paragraph 3.2(c), the Mark is registered in CIPO in the name of that
person, that person’s predecessor in title or a licensor of that person; or
(c) in the case of paragraph 3.2(d), public notice of adoption and use was given at the
request of that person.
3.4 “Confusingly Similar”. A domain name is “Confusingly Similar” to a Mark if
the domain name so nearly resembles the Mark in appearance, sound or the ideas
suggested by the Mark as to be likely to be mistaken for the Mark.
3.5 Use. A Mark is deemed to be in “use” or “used” in association with:
(a) wares: (i) if, at the time of the transfer of the property in or possession of the
wares in the normal course of trade, the Mark is marked on the wares themselves
or on the packages in which they are distributed or the Mark is in any other
manner so associated with the wares that notice of the association is then given to
the person to whom the property or possession is transferred; or (ii) at the time the
wares are exported from Canada, if the Mark was marked in Canada on the wares
or on the packages in which they are contained and the wares or packages are still
marked when exported;
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(b) services, if the Mark is used or displayed in the performance or advertising of
those services;
(c) a business, if the Mark is displayed in the operating, advertising or promoting of
the business; or
(d) a non-commercial activity, if the Mark is displayed in the carrying out, promoting
or advertising of the non-commercial activity.
3.6 Legitimate Interests. The Registrant has a legitimate interest in a domain name
if, and only if, before the receipt by the Registrant of notice from or on behalf of the
Complainant that a Complaint was submitted:
(a) the domain name was a Mark, the Registrant used the Mark in good faith and the
Registrant had Rights in the Mark;
(b) the Registrant used the domain name in Canada in good faith in association with
any wares, services or business and the domain name was clearly descriptive in
Canada in the English or French language of: (i) the character or quality of the
wares, services or business; (ii) the conditions of, or the persons employed in,
production of the wares, performance of the services or operation of the business;
or (iii) the place of origin of the wares, services or business;
(c) the Registrant used the domain name in Canada in good faith in association with
any wares, services or business and the domain name was understood in Canada
to be the generic name thereof in any language;
(d) the Registrant used the domain name in Canada in good faith in association with a
non-commercial activity including, without limitation, criticism, review or news
reporting;
(e) the domain name comprised the legal name of the Registrant or was a name,
surname or other reference by which the Registrant was commonly identified; or
(f) the domain name was the geographical name of the location of the Registrant’s
non-commercial activity or place of business.
In paragraphs 3.6 (b), (c), and (d) “use” by the Registrants includes, but is not limited to,
use to identify a web site.
3.7 Registration in Bad Faith. For the purposes of paragraph 3.1(c), a Registrant
will be considered to have registered a domain name in bad faith if, and only if:
(a) the Registrant registered the domain name, or acquired the Registration, primarily
for the purpose of selling, renting, licensing or otherwise transferring the
Registration to the Complainant, or the Complainant’s licensor or licensee of the
Mark, or to a competitor of the Complainant or the licensee or licensor for
5
valuable consideration in excess of the Registrant’s actual costs in registering the
domain name, or acquiring the Registration;
(b) the Registrant registered the domain name or acquired the Registration in order to
prevent the Complainant, or the Complainant’s licensor or licensee of the Mark,
from registering the Mark as a domain name, provided that the Registrant, alone
or in concert with one or more additional persons has engaged in a pattern of
registering domain names in order to prevent persons who have Rights in Marks
from registering the Marks as domain names; or
(c) the Registrant registered the domain name or acquired the Registration primarily
for the purpose of disrupting the business of the Complainant, or the
Complainant’s licensor or licensee of the Mark, who is a competitor of the
Registrant.
PARAGRAPH 4 - DECISION AND REMEDIES
4.1 Onus. To succeed in the Proceeding, the Complainant must prove, on a balance
of probabilities, that:
(a) the Registrant’s dot-ca domain name is Confusingly Similar to a Mark in which
the Complainant had Rights prior to the date of registration of the domain name
and continues to have such Rights; and
(b) the Registrant has registered the domain name in bad faith as described in
paragraph 3.7;
and the Complainant must provide some evidence that:
(c) the Registrant has no legitimate interest in the domain name as described in
paragraph 3.6.
Even if the Complainant proves (a) and (b) and provides some evidence of (c), the
Registrant will succeed in the Proceeding if the Registrant proves, on a balance of
probabilities, that the Registrant has a legitimate interest in the domain name as described
in paragraph 3.6.
4.2 Decision and Amendment to a Decision. The panel appointed to decide the
Proceeding (the “Panel”) will consider all the evidence presented in the Proceeding and
will render its decision in accordance with the Policy and the Resolution Rules. The
Panel may amend a decision pursuant to the Resolution Rules. The Panel shall be wholly
responsible for the accuracy of the decision, the corrigendum, and any references therein.
CIRA is not responsible for the decision and, if applicable, the corrigendum, and CIRA
will not make any amendments to the decision.
4.3 Remedies. If the Panel decides in favour of the Complainant, the Panel will
decide whether the Registration should be cancelled or transferred to the Complainant or
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in the case where the Complainant does not satisfy the CPR in respect of the domain
name that is subject of the Proceeding, a nominee of the Complainant that satisfies the
CPR in respect of the domain name that is subject of the Proceeding (the “Nominee”).
4.4 Notice and Publication of Decision or Corrigendum. The Provider shall notify
the Complainant, the Registrant, the Registrant's Registrar and CIRA of the Panel's
decision or, if applicable, the corrigendum pursuant to the Rules. CIRA will, in
accordance with the Rules, publish each decision in a Proceeding in full on CIRA's
website.
4.5 Implementation of Decision. If a Panel decides in a Proceeding by way of its
decision that a Registration is to be canceled or transferred, and CIRA is satisfied that the
Complainant, or Nominee, then satisfies the CPR in respect of the domain name that is
subject of the Proceeding, CIRA will implement the decision as soon as practicable but
no sooner than sixty (60) days after the date on which CIRA is notified by the Provider
that the Complainant, the Registrant, the Registrant’s Registrar have been notified by the
Provider of the Panel’s decision. If the Panel decides that the Registration should be
transferred, CIRA is not required to effect the transfer until the Complainant or Nominee,
enters into a Registrant Agreement with CIRA.
4.6 Bad Faith of Complainant. If the Registrant is successful, and the Registrant
proves, on a balance of probabilities, that the Complaint was commenced by the
Complainant for the purpose of attempting, unfairly and without colour of right, to cancel
or obtain a transfer of any Registration which is the subject of the Proceeding, then the
Panel may order the Complainant to pay to the Provider in trust for the Registrant an
amount of up to five thousand dollars ($5000) to defray the costs incurred by the
Registrant in preparing for, and filing material in the Proceeding. The Complainant will
be ineligible to file another Complaint in respect of any Registration with any Provider
until the amount owing is paid in full to the Provider.
PARAGRAPH 5 - LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
5.1 Limitation on Liability. In no event will CIRA, the Registrant’s Registrar, any
Provider or their respective directors, officers, members, employees, agents or
representatives, or any member or members of a Panel, be liable to a Registrant, a
Registrant’s Registrar, a Complainant or any other person for any loss, damages or
expense including, without limitation, any special, indirect, incidental, exemplary,
punitive or consequential damages, or economic loss or damages resulting from loss of
use, lost business revenue, lost profits or third party damages arising from or in any way
connected with:
(a) the application of the Policy or the Resolution Rules by any of them;
(b) a decision or corrigendum rendered by a Panel in a Proceeding;
7
(c) CIRA’s compliance with any order, ruling, decision, corrigendum, or judgment
made by a Panel in a Proceeding or by any court, tribunal, board, administrative
body, commission or arbitrator; or
(d) any action taken or not taken by CIRA, the Registrant’s Registrar, a Provider or a
Panel or a member of a Panel in consequence of the Resolution Rules or this
Policy, including without limitation paragraph 5.1(a), 5.1(b) or 5.1(c).
5.2 Exception to Limitation. In no event is the limitation of liability set out in
paragraph 5.1 intended to limit the liability of the Provider for the Provider’s gross
negligence or willful misconduct or a member of a Panel for the member’s gross
negligence or willful misconduct.

Canadian Sales
SN Domains Inc. (a Safenames Group company)
760 rue Belanger
Montreal
Quebec
H2S1G6
Canada

Tel: +1.4389235023

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